Organic matter and biofunctioning in tropical sandy soils and implication for its management

Blanchart Eric, Albrecht Alain, Bernoux Martial, Brauman Alain, Chotte Jean-Luc, Feller Christian, Ganry Francis, Hien Edmond, et al.. 2007. Organic matter and biofunctioning in tropical sandy soils and implication for its management. In : Management of tropical sandy soils for sustainable agriculture : a holistic approach for sustainable development of problem soils in the tropics, 27th November - 2nd December 2005, Khon Kaen, Thailand. Rome : FAO, pp. 224-241. ISBN 978-974-7946-96-3 Proceedings of the International Congress on Management of Tropical Sandy Soils for Sustainable Agriculture, Khon Kaen, Thaïlande, 27 November 2007/2 December 2007.

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Abstract : Tropical sandy soils (or upper sandy horizons of tropical soils) have diverse physical and chemical constraints. poor structural stability (making soils sensitive to crusting, and compaction), poor nutrient holding capacity and low cation exchange capacity. In these soils, in which the clay content is low (3 to 15% by mass), organic matter is the main determinant of fertility, nutrient storage, aggregate stability, microbial and enzymatic activities. However, cultural practices or land uses aimed at increasing organic matter stocks have a minor impact if compared with the potential storage of organic matter in clayey soils. Nevertheless, this stock increase is possible in sandy soils and is mainly linked with the increase of the "vegetal debris" functional pool. Like organic matter, the abundance, activity, and diversity of soil biota are largely dependent upon land management. In these soils, biotic interactions such as termites-microorganisms or nematodes-microorganisms modify nutrient fluxes, N mineralization being higher in soil feeding termite mounds or in the presence of bacterial feeding nematodes. Moreover, the management of organic residues represents a means to control the activity of soil microorganisms and the structure of nematode and other fauna populations. An adequate management of organic matter (through fallows, improved fallows, pastures, external organic inputs) through its consequences on soil biofunctioning, largely determines the agronomic (plant production) and environmental (carbon sequestration) potentials of sandy soils. In the present paper we provide information on the biofunctioning in sandy soils, i.e., interactions existing between organic matter, biological activities (termites, earthworms, nematodes, microorganisms) and physical soil properties, in natural and cropped ecosystems. Data mainly originate from experiments and measurements from West (Senegal, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast) and East (Kenya) Africa. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Sol tropical, Sol sableux, Matière organique du sol, Micro-organisme du sol, Faune du sol, Fertilité du sol, Propriété physicochimique du sol

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Sénégal, Burkina Faso, Côte d'Ivoire, Kenya

Classification Agris : P34 - Soil biology
P33 - Soil chemistry and physics
P35 - Soil fertility

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Blanchart Eric, IRD (FRA)
  • Albrecht Alain, IRD (FRA)
  • Bernoux Martial, IRD (FRA)
  • Brauman Alain, IRD (SEN)
  • Chotte Jean-Luc, IRD (FRA)
  • Feller Christian, IRD (FRA)
  • Ganry Francis, CIRAD-CA-UPR Recyclage et risque (FRA)
  • Hien Edmond
  • et al.

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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