Rational sub-division of plant trypanosomes (Phytomonas spp.) based on minicircle conserved region analysis

Sturm Nancy R., Dollet Michel, Lukes Julius, Campbell David A.. 2007. Rational sub-division of plant trypanosomes (Phytomonas spp.) based on minicircle conserved region analysis. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 7 (5) : pp. 570-576.

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Abstract : The sequences of minicircle conserved regions from various plant trypanosomatids have been determined and analyzed. The goal of this study was to add another tool to the arsenal of molecular probes for distinguishing between the different trypanosomatids occuring in plants: systemic trypanosomatids multiplying in the sap, those from the laticiferous tubes, and those developing in fruits, seeds or flowers but not in the plant itself and that are frequently considered as opportunistic insect trypanosomatids. As some plant intraphloemic trypanosomatids are the causative agents of important diseases, a clear definition of the different types of trypanosomatids is critical. The conserved region of the mitochondrial minicircle provides several specific features in a small sequence region containing three functionally elements required for minicircle replication. Trees generated from the analysis recapitulated trees drawn from analyses of isoenzymes, RAPD, and particular gene sequences, supporting the validity of the small region used in this work. Three groups of isolates were significant and in accordance with previous work. The peculiarity of phloem-restricted trypanosomatids associated with wilts of coconut and oil palm in Latin America - group H - is confirmed. In agreement with previous studies on their biological and serological properties the results highlighted this group called 'phloemicola'. It always differentiated from all other latex and fruit isolates or opportunistic trypanosomatids, like insect trypanosomatids. We can assert that phloemicola is the only well-defined taxon among all plant trypanosomatids. A group of non-pathogenic latex isolates from South American euphorbs (G), and a heterogenous group (A) including one fruit, one possible latex and one insect isolate are clearly distinct groups. The group of Mediterranean isolates from latex (D), even with a low boostrap, stood out well from other groups. The remainder of the isolates fell into a heterogeneous cluster. At least eight different groups in the plant trypanosomatids were identified. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Cocos nucifera, Phytomonas, Identification, Agent pathogène, Maladie des plantes, Génétique moléculaire, Euphorbia, Classification, Séquence nucléotidique, Latex, Phloème, RAPD, ADN, Insecta

Mots-clés complémentaires : Hartrot, Trypanosomatidae

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Sturm Nancy R., UCLA (USA)
  • Dollet Michel, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Etiologie dépérissements (FRA)
  • Lukes Julius, Czech Academy of Sciences (CZE)
  • Campbell David A., UCLA (USA)

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