Status of sugarcane yellow leaf virus in commercial fields and risk assessment in Guadeloupe

Edon-Jock Carine, Rott Philippe, Vaillant Jean, Fernandez Emmanuel, Girard Jean-Claude, Daugrois Jean-Heinrich. 2007. Status of sugarcane yellow leaf virus in commercial fields and risk assessment in Guadeloupe. In : ISSCT 2007: 26th Congress of the International Society of Sugar Cane Technologists Congress, 29 juillet - 2 août 2007, Durban, South Africa. ISSCT. Réduit : ISSCT, pp. 995-1004. ISBN 1-920017-01-1 ISSCT Congress. 26, Durban, Afrique du Sud, 29 July 2007/2 August 2007.

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Titre espagnol : Situacion del sugarcane yellow leaf virus en campos comerciales y comentaros sobre su presencia en Guadalupe / Titre français : Statut et évaluation des risques liés au sugarcan yellow leaf virus (SCYLV) dans les champs commerciaux en Guadeloupe

Abstract : Sugarcane yellow leaf virus (SCYLV), the causal agent of sugarcane yellow leaf disease, is present in Guadeloupe, but its incidence and distribution in commercial fields was unknown. Therefore, five sugarcane cultivars located in 48 plant cane fields in seven sugarcane growing areas in Guadeloupe were analysed for virus infection and populations of Melanaphis sacchari, the aphid vector of SCYLV. Twenty one of the 48 fields were also analysed in the first ratoon crop. Depending on the area of the field, 200 to 400 leaf samples per field were tested by tissue blot immunoassay to detect the virus, and presence of aphids was determined on 10% of sampled plants. In addition, virus incidence in five fields of second and third propagations of nursery stocks produced from tissue cultured plants was determined. Mean virus incidence in plant cane crops was 6.4%, and it ranged from 0% to 21% according to cultivar and geographical location. M sacchari was widespread in all areas. Mean virus incidence increased to 11.2% in the first ratoon crop, and it increased in all cultivars except in cultivar B69566. Cultivar B69566 consistently had the lowest virus incidence, whereas virus incidence was consistently high in cultivar R579, even if cultivar B69566 was more colonised by aphids. In the second stage nursery fields, virus incidence ranged from 2.5% to 17.3%. Overall, virus incidence did not increase in the third stage nursery step that derived from the second stage nurseries. SCYLV genotype REU was found in all commercial fields, whereas genotypes BRA and CUB were found only in a few samples from five fields. In Guadeloupe, SCYLV appears to be spread by aphid vectors and infected cuttings. Presence of a major virus genotype suggested that this genotype was more adapted to the local environment, or that the two other genotypes were only recently introduced and have not spread yet on the island. Yield losses may occur in extending cultivars such as R579, as it was shown in Reunion Island. Because variation in virulence exists between SCYLV genotypes, disease impact may vary in Guadeloupe in the future. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Saccharum officinarum, Virus des végétaux, Épidémiologie, Melanaphis, Variété, Génotype

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Guadeloupe

Mots-clés complémentaires : Sugarcane yellow leaf virus, Cultivar, Melanaphis sacchari

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Edon-Jock Carine, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Multiplication végétative (GLP)
  • Rott Philippe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-6085-6159
  • Vaillant Jean, UAG (GLP)
  • Fernandez Emmanuel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Girard Jean-Claude, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA)
  • Daugrois Jean-Heinrich, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Multiplication végétative (GLP)

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