Agrobiodiversity in food crop gardens and in coconut-based agroforestry systems in the northern islands of Vanuatu (Melanesia)

Lamanda Nathalie, Morin Anaïs, Malézieux Eric. 2007. Agrobiodiversity in food crop gardens and in coconut-based agroforestry systems in the northern islands of Vanuatu (Melanesia). In : Second International Symposium on Multi-Strata agroforestry systems with perennial crops: Making ecosystem services count for farmers, consumers and the environment, September 17-21, 2007 Turrialba, Costa Rica. Oral and posters presentations. IUFRO, CIRAD, CATIE. Turrialba : CATIE, 5 p. International Symposium on Multi-Strata Agroforestry Systems with Perennial Crops: Making Ecosystem Services Count for Farmers, Consumers and the Environment. 2, Turrialba, Costa Rica, 17 September 2007/21 September 2007.

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Abstract : In the northern islands of Vanuatu, coconut agroforestry systems are progressively colonising the cultivated land. This phenomenon raises the issue of land use in the islands and more specifically the relation between Melanesian food crop gardens and coconut agroforestry systems. Agrobiodiversity and its evolution over time were studied in both systems. Biodiversity indexes (Shannon Weaver Index, Pielou index, Simpson index) were calculated for plots from food crop systems, coconut agroforestry systems combined with food crops, and coconut agroforestry systems without food crops. Moreover, a specific indicator of agrobiodiversity (Agbarea) was proposed to take into account the area and within-species diversity for the major species. The correlation between those indexes and indicators was studied and a minimum set of 3 indexes was recommended for analysing and comparing agrobiodiversity in those systems. It appears that food crops associated with coconut agroforestry systems maintain a high level of agrobiodiversity and are a good compromise for reconciling food production and optimizing the area occupied by the coconut plantation. (Résumé d'auteur)

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
F40 - Plant ecology

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lamanda Nathalie, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR SYSTEM (FRA)
  • Morin Anaïs, ENSAM [Ecole nationale supérieure agronomique de Montpellier] (FRA)
  • Malézieux Eric, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR SYSTEM (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-5706-9610

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Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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