Vanuatu breadfruit project: Survey on botanical diversity and traditional uses of Artocarpus altilis

Navarro Muriel, Malres Sylvano, Labouisse Jean-Pierre, Roupsard Olivier. 2007. Vanuatu breadfruit project: Survey on botanical diversity and traditional uses of Artocarpus altilis. In : Proceedings of the First International Symposium on Breadfruit Research and Development, Nadi, Fiji, April 16-19, 2007. Ragone Diane (ed.), Taylor Mary B. (ed.). ISHS-Section tropical and subtropical fruits. Louvain : ISHS [Belgique], pp. 81-87. (Acta Horticulturae, 757) ISBN 978-90-6605-650-3 International Symposium on Breadfruit Research and Development. 1, Nadi, Fidji, 16 April 2007/19 April 2007.

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Abstract : The "Vanuatu Breadfruit Project" was launched in 2004 with support from the Pacific Agricultural Plant Genetic Resources Network (PAPGREN). The main goals were to make a non-exhaustive botanical survey of breadfruit cultivars in Vanuatu, document ethnological information and collect samples of suckers or roots of each cultivar to establish the first genebank in Vanuatu and to disseminate this information and genetic material to other islands in the country. Six islands were surveyed and 69 cultivars collected and described according to standardized descriptors for passport and morphological data. A field collection of 36 cultivars which survived transport and planting was established at the Vanuatu Agricultural Research and Technical Centre (VARTC) on the island of Espiritu Santo. A new strategy is suggested to enhance the survival rate of cuttings for future collections. Vanuatu cultivars displayed a wide diversity of fruit characteristics (size, seed number, skin texture, amount and color of latex, etc.) and shape of leaves. Vernacular names and traditional uses of breadfruit by the local population were recorded using participatory methods. Each part of the tree has a very specific use, e.g., leaves in medicine, trunk for timber, male flowers against mosquitoes, latex to catch birds, and some secret parts in "black magic". Fruits are eaten roasted on fire or as "nalot", a paste with coconut milk, and sometimes after a few months of fermentation. A drying method observed in North Vanuatu may be a way to process fruit for export. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Artocarpus altilis, Variation génétique, Ressource génétique végétale, Éthnobotanique, Variété, Collection de matériel génétique, Collection botanique, Utilisation

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Vanuatu

Classification Agris : P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
F40 - Plant ecology
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Navarro Muriel, VARTC (VUT)
  • Malres Sylvano, VARTC (VUT)
  • Labouisse Jean-Pierre, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR RPB (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-5592-6789
  • Roupsard Olivier, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (VUT)

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