World population structure of the rice blast fungus, Magnaporthe oryzae

Tharreau Didier, Andriantsimialona Dodelys, Santoso, Utami Dwinita, Fournier Elisabeth, Lebrun Marc-Henri, Nottéghem Jean-Loup. 2008. World population structure of the rice blast fungus, Magnaporthe oryzae. In : Journées Jean Chevaugeon, VIIe rencontres de phytopathologie - mycologie de la Societé française de phytopathologie, du 20 au 24 janvier 2008 [Résumés]. Fernandez Diana (ed.), Carlier Jean (ed.). CIRAD, INRA, CNRS, SFP, Bayer cropscience. Montpellier : CIRAD, Résumé, p. 51. Journées Jean Chevaugeon, Rencontres de phytopathologie-mycologie. 7, Aussois, France, 20 January 2008/24 January 2008.

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Abstract : Magnaporthe oryzae is a heterothallic fungus reproducing clonally in the field. The diversity and structure of populations of this pathogen of rice was described in many countries during the last 20 years. The expected clonal structure of the populations has been illustrated in various studies. But, relationships between the different populations was hardly testable mainly due to the choice of molecular markers. We recently developed a set of 18 microsatellite markers for population studies (Adreit et al. 2007). We used these markers to genotype more than 1,700 isolates from 40 countries. This sample included reference isolates from previous studies and real populations (1 site, 1 year). The world population structure show evidence for some geographic structuration. However, local adaptation and intercontinental migration are (or were) also common. A structure in three major genetic groups is observed. Two groups correspond to isolates of mating type Mat1.1 and Mat1.2 respectively. The third group gathers isolates of both mating types. Diversity is higher in Asia and more precisely in the countries of the Himalayan foothills. This area is the only one where female fertile isolates (able to produce perithecia and ascospores in vitro) were identified. Both mating types are also present in these populations. Whether sexual reproduction is (was) taking place in this region will be tested. The area of the Himalayan foothills is a center of diversity and is a good candidate for the center of origin of the rice blast fungus. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oryza sativa, Magnaporthe, Marqueur génétique, Microsatellite, Génotype, Identification, Dynamique des populations, Distribution des populations

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Monde

Mots-clés complémentaires : Magnaporthe oryzae

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Tharreau Didier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-3961-6120
  • Andriantsimialona Dodelys, CENDRADERU (MDG)
  • Santoso, Research Institute for Rice (IDN)
  • Utami Dwinita, RIFCB (IDN)
  • Fournier Elisabeth
  • Lebrun Marc-Henri, CNRS (FRA)
  • Nottéghem Jean-Loup, Montpellier SupAgro (FRA)

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