Accounting for the ecological dimension in participatory research and development : lessons learned from Indonesia and Madagascar

Laumonier Yves, Bourgeois Robin, Pfund Jean-Laurent. 2008. Accounting for the ecological dimension in participatory research and development : lessons learned from Indonesia and Madagascar. Ecology and Society, 13 (1):15, 21 p.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
Published version - Anglais
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Abstract : The lack of understanding on how to integrate ecological issues into so-called social-ecological natural resource management hampers sustainability in tropical forest landscape management. We build upon a comparison of three cases that show inverse gradients of knowledge and perceptions of the environment and human pressure on natural resources. We discuss why the ecological dimension currently lags behind in the management of tropical forest landscapes and to what extent participatory development can enhance the fit among ecological, socio-cultural, and economic systems. For each case study, socio-cultural and anthropological aspects of society and indigenous knowledge of the environment, the distribution of natural resources, classification, and management are documented in parallel with biophysical studies. Our results confirm that the ecological dimension remains weakly addressed and difficult to integrate into development actions when dealing with tropical forested landscape management in developing countries. We discuss three issues to understand why this is so: the disdain for traditional ecological knowledge and practices, the antagonism between economy and ecology, and the mismatch between traditional and modern governance systems. Participatory development shows potential to enhance the fit among ecological, socio-cultural, and economic systems through two dimensions: the generation and sharing of information to understand trends and the generation of new coordination practices that allow stakeholders to voice environmental concerns. In the absence of a "champion," institutions, and financial resources, the expected outcomes remain on paper, even when changes are negotiated. Future research in natural resource management must emphasize better integration at the interface of ecology and governance. Finally, we identify three challenges: the design of operational tools to reconcile ecology with social and economic concerns, the creation of governance systems to institutionalize collaborative and integrated resource management, and the design of enabler organizations close to local communities. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : gestion des ressources naturelles, forêt tropicale, Paysage, Facteur du milieu, Participation, Sociologie, Facteurs culturels, Étude de cas, Politique de développement, Écologie forestière, Impact sur l'environnement, Développement durable, approches participatives

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Indonésie, Madagascar

Mots-clés complémentaires : Recherche participative

Classification Agris : E14 - Development economics and policies
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
K01 - Forestry - General aspects

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2005-2013) - Agriculture, environnement, nature et sociétés

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Laumonier Yves, CIRAD-ES-UPR Ressources forestières (IDN)
  • Bourgeois Robin, CIRAD-ES-UPR Politiques et marchés (FRA)
  • Pfund Jean-Laurent, CIFOR (IDN)

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