Agritrop
Home

Genomic and molecular physiology of citrus tolerance to abiotic stresses; A strong component of the euro-mediterranean initiative CIBEWU 6th PCRD INCO MPC project on rootstock breeding for the Mediterranean Basin

Ollitrault Patrick, Talon Manuel, Lotfy Samia, Belfalah Zina, Ben Mimoun Mehdi, Yesiloglu Turgut. 2007. Genomic and molecular physiology of citrus tolerance to abiotic stresses; A strong component of the euro-mediterranean initiative CIBEWU 6th PCRD INCO MPC project on rootstock breeding for the Mediterranean Basin. In : Abstracts of Plant and Animal Genomes XVth Conference, San Diego, CA (USA), January 13-17, 2007. s.l. : s.n., Résumé Plant and Animal Genomes Conference. 15, San Diego, États-Unis, 13 January 2007/17 January 2007.

Paper without proceedings
Full text not available from this repository.

Abstract : The Mediterranean citrus industry face up to an increasing combination of biotic and abiotic constraints. Soon the spread of Citrus Tristeza Virus and its vector Toxoptera citricida all over the area will prohibit the current use of the traditional sour orange rootstock, that provide adequate tolerance to salinity and alkalinity. Therefore, there is an urgent need to select new citrus rootstocks. All the required tolerance traits are present in citrus germplasm. An Euromediterranean MPC INCO project has started in 2006, between Spain, Morocco, Tunisia, Turkey and France to enhance the efficiency of citrus germplasm exploitation for rootstock breeding. Beside applied aspects (implementation of two regional networks for germplasm management and agronomical evaluation of new rootstocks), genomic and molecular physiology are two main components of the project, focusing on tolerances to salinity and iron deficiency associated with alkaline soils. Candidate genes are searched from ESTs data base (ionic transport, osmotic protection, oxidative stress protection...) and by the study of gene expression of tolerant and susceptible genotypes by microarrays and cDNA-AFLP analysis. Specific macroarrays for tolerance will be made to analyse candidate gene expression for a larger range of genotypes. Allelic diversity of candidate genes is studied by SSCP, ecotilling and sequencing. Finally, the candidate genes will be positioned on genetic maps of Citrus and Poncirus and physical map of Clementine. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Citrus, Closterovirus tristeza du citrus, Toxoptera citricidus, Porte greffe, Tolérance au sel, Génie génétique, Carence du sol, Fer, Physiologie végétale, Biologie moléculaire, Sélection, Coopération internationale

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Tunisie, Maroc, France, Turquie, Espagne

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
H50 - Miscellaneous plant disorders

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ollitrault Patrick, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Multiplication végétative (ESP) ORCID: 0000-0002-9456-5517
  • Talon Manuel, IVIA (ESP)
  • Lotfy Samia, INRA [Maroc] (MAR)
  • Belfalah Zina, INRAT (TUN)
  • Ben Mimoun Mehdi, INAT (TUN)
  • Yesiloglu Turgut, Cukurova University (TUR)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/543996/)

View Item (staff only) View Item (staff only)

[ Page générée et mise en cache le 2021-01-22 ]