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Assessment of technical and socioeconomical feeding practices in semiarid and arid Areas in north India (Haryana), and implications for dairy rural development

Alary Véronique, Teynier Delphine, Messad Samir, Lecomte Philippe, Barbier Bruno. 2008. Assessment of technical and socioeconomical feeding practices in semiarid and arid Areas in north India (Haryana), and implications for dairy rural development. Revue d'Elevage et de Médecine Vétérinaire des Pays Tropicaux, 61 (1) : pp. 27-36.

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Titre français : Evaluation technique et socio-économique des pratiques l¿alimentation en zones aride et semi-aride au nord de l¿Inde (Haryana) et implications pour le développement laitier / Titre espagnol : Asesoría de las prácticas de alimentación socio-económicas y técnicas en áreas semi áridas y áridas en el norte de la India (Haryana) e implicaciones para el desarrollo lechero rural

Additional Information : Mis en ligne en 2008

Abstract : To satisfy Indian consumers¿ rising demand for milk products, Indian breeders will have to boost their production rapidly, especially through improved feeding practices. Many experts point out that currently used crop by-products will not be sufficient to meet increasing feed requirements from cow and buffalo herds and that it will be necessary to turn to grains such as wheat and maize. But other experts think that grain will not be enough and that the increasing animal consumption of grain will affect human consumption, unless India decides on massive grain imports, putting pressure on the world grain market. The present survey carried out in two districts of Haryana showed that grain was not an essential feed for cattle and buffaloes, and that improving cotton and mustard by-products, and green fodder had great potential. A second finding was that wealthier farmers tended to underuse the genetic potential of milk cows and buffaloes. Moreover, biotechnical management of the herd, in particular the feeding system, was closely related to the socioeconomic management of the family farming system; family strategies aimed at ensuring sufficient milk production for the family in larger farms and to provide a regular income in smaller ones. This paper also stressed out the need to design, implement, and monitor development programs that integrate sociocultural and, especially, gender issues, to facilitate technological innovation with respect to forage storage. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Bovin laitier, Méthode d'élevage, Alimentation des animaux, Rendement laitier, Organisation du travail, Graine de coton, Graine oléagineuse, Sous-produit, Zone semi-aride, Zone aride, Rôle des femmes

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Haryana

Classification Agris : L02 - Animal feeding
E50 - Rural sociology
L01 - Animal husbandry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/544256/)

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