First outbreak of Trypanosoma evansi in camels in metropolitan France

Desquesnes Marc, Bossard Géraldine, Patrel Delphine, Herder Stéphane, Patout Olivier, Lepetitcolin Elizabeth, Thevenon Sophie, Berthier David, Pavlovic R., Brugidou Roland, Jacquiet Philippe, Schelcher François, Faye Bernard, Touratier Louis, Cuny Gérard. 2008. First outbreak of Trypanosoma evansi in camels in metropolitan France. Veterinary Record, 162 (23) : pp. 750-752.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Abstract : The first outbreak of trypanosomosis caused by Trypanosoma evansi in camels in France was reported on a farm in the Aveyron Department. Five camels were imported from the Canary Islands to the farm in early July 2006, and trypanosomes were observed on a stained blood smear from one of them, which died in October. On further investigations, trypanosomes were observed in the blood of five camels, three of them indigenous to the farm and two that had been imported. On the basis of microscopical examination (morphological criteria and measurements) and serological results based on the card agglutination T evansi test and PCR typing, the parasites were identified as T evansi. After treatment with melarsomine, the infected camels rapidly became negative by parasitological tests and were negative two to four months later by serological tests. The parasite was probably transmitted by tabanids and Stomoxys calcitrans, which were abundant in July to September 2006. No parasites were observed in other animals on the farm or on neighbouring farms, but some of the sheep on these farms were positive by PCR or serology. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Trypanosoma evansi, Chameau, Diagnostic, Transmission des maladies, Épidémiologie, Tabanidae, Stomoxys calcitrans

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Midi-Pyrénées

Mots-clés complémentaires : Émergence

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Desquesnes Marc, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR TRYPANOSOMES (THA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7665-2422
  • Patrel Delphine, IRD (FRA)
  • Herder Stéphane, IRD (FRA)
  • Patout Olivier, AVEM (FRA)
  • Lepetitcolin Elizabeth, AVEM (FRA)
  • Berthier David, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR TRYPANOSOMES (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-3283-6588
  • Brugidou Roland, Aveyron labo (FRA)
  • Jacquiet Philippe
  • Schelcher François, ENVT (FRA)
  • Faye Bernard, CIRAD-ES-UPR Systèmes d'élevage (FRA)
  • Touratier Louis, WAHO (FRA)
  • Cuny Gérard, IRD (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

  • Document en bibliothèque
  • Localisation du document : BA_BR4543 [(Bibliothèque de Baillarguet)] ; BA_BR4545 [(Bibliothèque de Baillarguet)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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