Studies of drought-tolerance mechanisms in coffee plants by an integrated analysis

Marraccini Pierre, Ramos Humberto J.O., Vieira Luiz Gonzaga Esteves, Ferrão Maria Amélia G., Da Silva Fernanda R., Bloch Carlos J., Andrade C.A.. 2008. Studies of drought-tolerance mechanisms in coffee plants by an integrated analysis. In : XXXVII Reunião Anual da Sociedade Brasileira de Bioquimica et Biologia Molecular, 17 a 20 de Maio de 2008, São Paulo, Brésil. s.l. : s.n., 1 p. Reunião Anual da Sociedade Brasileira de Bioquimica et Biologia Molecular. 37, São Paulo, Brésil, 17 May 2008/20 May 2008.

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Abstract : The development of molecular tools for rapid generation of drought-tolerant coffee varieties is amongst the priorities of the Brazilian Research Program on Coffee Genomics. The principal aim of this study was to investigate the molecular mechanisms underlying the response to drought stress in coffee plants by an integrated approach. As part of the Brazilian Coffee EST project, two EST libraries from leaves of drought-stressed plants of Coffea arabica cv. Rubi (drought sensitive) and C. canephora clone 14 (drought tolerant), were generated. The plant material of C. arabica and C. canephora were obtained from field and pot trials, respectively. More than 15,000 clones were sequenced and, after trimming and clustering, resulted in 10,924 reads grouped on 6,141 unigenes (1,779 contigs and 4,362 singlets). The approaches used to identify candidate genes (ESTs) underlying stress responses in coffee consisted of an in silico analysis of ESTs generated from drought-stressed and control libraries, physiological characterization, transcription profiling of drought-stressed and control tissues and protein profiling by 2-DE coupled with tryptic peptide identification by MALDI-TOF-MS/MS. These integrated analysis resulted in the identification of several candidate drought-responsive genes. Results of gene expression (northern-blot and q-PCR) are presented for some GC presenting differential gene expression in leaves and roots of sensitive vs. tolerant clones of C. canephora submitted or not to water limitation. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coffea arabica, Coffea canephora, Résistance à la sécheresse, Biologie moléculaire

Classification Agris : F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
H50 - Miscellaneous plant disorders

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Marraccini Pierre, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR DAP (BRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-7637-6811
  • Ramos Humberto J.O., IAPAR (BRA)
  • Vieira Luiz Gonzaga Esteves, IAPAR (BRA)
  • Ferrão Maria Amélia G., INCAPER (BRA)
  • Da Silva Fernanda R., EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Bloch Carlos J., EMBRAPA (BRA)
  • Andrade C.A., EMBRAPA (BRA)

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