A transcriptome approach to study epigentic somaclonal variation in oil palm (Elaeis guineeensis Jacq.)

Beulé Thierry, Camps Céline, Dussert Stéphane, Jouannic Stefan, Morcillo Fabienne, Tregear James. 2006. A transcriptome approach to study epigentic somaclonal variation in oil palm (Elaeis guineeensis Jacq.). In : XV FESB Congress Federation of European Societies of Plant Biology, 17-21 July 2006, Lyon, France. s.l. : s.n., 1 p. Congress of the Federation of European Societies of Plant Biology. 15, Lyon, France, 17 July 2006/21 July 2006.

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Published version - Anglais
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Abstract : Micropropagation by somatic embryogenesis in oil palm produces a small but significant proportion of individuals displaying homeotic floral modifications known as the "mantled" phenotype. The identification of molecular markers has been undertaken in order to discriminate as early as possible during the in vitro process those cell lines which are variant and also to better understand the mechanism leading to abnormal flower development. Since a DNA sequence mutation does not appear to be involved, but rather an epigenetic alteration, we chose to analyse differential gene expression patterns at the transcriptome level between variant and normal material. Four SSH libraries were constructed from oil palm cell suspensions and male inflorescences. Studies of transcript abundance by macroarray hybridization allowed the identification of a range of genes altered in their expression in abnormal tissues, several of which were subsequently validated by RT-PCR analysis. The relevance of the genes identified and the biological processes in which they may be involved will be discussed. (Texte intégral)

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Beulé Thierry, CIRAD-CP-UMR BEPC (FRA)
  • Camps Céline
  • Dussert Stéphane, IRD (FRA)
  • Jouannic Stefan, IRD (FRA)
  • Morcillo Fabienne, CIRAD-CP-UMR BEPC (FRA)
  • Tregear James

Autres liens de la publication

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