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Modeling 3D spatially distributed water fluxes in an andisol under banana plants

Sansoulet Julie, Cabidoche Yves-Marie, Cattan Philippe, Ruy Stéphane, Simunek Jirka. 2008. Modeling 3D spatially distributed water fluxes in an andisol under banana plants. In : 13 ème congrès mondial de l'eau, Montpellier, 1-4 septembre 2008. IWRA. Montpellier : IWRA, 13 p. Congrès mondial de l'eau. 13, Montpellier, France, 1 September 2008/4 September 2008.

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Matériel d'accompagnement : 1 diaporama (12 vues)

Abstract : Water fluxes in the subsurface of forested and agricultural ecosystems are spatially widely variable because of several interconnected phenomena. On the one hand, subsurface environments are often highly heterogeneous. On the other hand, infiltration water is often distributed unevenly due to above-ground interception and redistribution of rainfall by the plant canopy. These phenomena have important hydro-ecological consequences because they significantly affect groundwater recharge and nutrient leaching. Field experiments involving subsurface lysimeters and tensiometers were carried out to quantify the spatial distribution of fluxes in an andisol under a banana plant. Wick lysimeters were installed at a depth of 70 cm at several locations with respect to the banana stem to measure spatial distribution of subsurface water fluxes. Collected experimental data were simulated using the HYDRUS software package that numerically solves the Richards equation describing three-dimensional variably-saturated water flow in the subsurface. Spatially distributed drainage fluxes were well reproduced with the numerical model. Due to the impact of stemflow, drainage volumes under the banana stem were up to six times higher than in the row downstream from the stem, as well as between rows, as these areas were sheltered from direct rainfall by the banana leaves and received only throughfall. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Musa

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Guadeloupe, Antilles françaises

Classification Agris : P33 - Soil chemistry and physics
U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics
P10 - Water resources and management

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Sansoulet Julie, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Recyclage et risque (REU)
  • Cabidoche Yves-Marie, INRA (GLP)
  • Cattan Philippe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Systèmes bananes et ananas (GLP)
  • Ruy Stéphane, INRA (FRA)
  • Simunek Jirka, UC (USA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/546224/)

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