Interactive models to catalyze collective water management : A companion modeling approach in northern Thailand

Barnaud Cécile, Promburom Panomsak, Trébuil Guy, Bousquet François. 2008. Interactive models to catalyze collective water management : A companion modeling approach in northern Thailand. In : 2nd International Forum on Water and Food = Second Forum International sur l'Eau et l'Alimentation, 10-14 novembre 2008, Addis Abéba, Ethiopie. CGIAR-CPWF. s.l. : s.n., 6 p. Forum International sur l'Eau et l'Alimentation. 2, Addis Abéba, Éthiopie, 10 November 2008/14 November 2008.

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Abstract : How can simple interactive models catalyze collective learning and action about local water management? This paper aims at providing an answer to this question by drawing on a Companion Modeling (ComMod) experiment on irrigation water sharing in a highland community of Northern Thailand. In a ComMod process, simulation models integrating different stakeholders¿ points of view on the problem at stake are developed and used as communication platforms to facilitate the collective exploration and assessment of various possible future scenarios. In this case study, the ComMod process combined a preliminary diagnostic-analysis of the heterogeneous socio-political context, a Role-Playing Game (RPG) and an associated simple Agent-Based Model (ABM). An ABM was used to run simulations to stimulate a plenary debate and, later on, to facilitate discussions within small homogeneous groups of farmers. The various effects of the process on the participants in term of learning, communication, behavior change, and new practices were evaluated through series of individual interviews. This ComMod process stimulated individual and collective learning and coordination among multiple stakeholders exploring pathways to solve their common irrigation water use problem. We show that in participatory modeling, simple models can be useful to mediate water use conflicts and accommodate multiple interests among stakeholders. To do so the participatory aspects of the modeling and simulation process must be carefully managed. In particular, much attention needs to be paid to the initial socio-political context and its power inequities to ensure the genuine involvement of all concerned stakeholders, including the usually voiceless and resource-poor ones. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Thaïlande

Classification Agris : P10 - Water resources and management
U10 - Mathematical and statistical methods

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