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First phenotypic description of Fasciola hepatica/Fasciola gigantica intermediate forms from the human endemic area of the Nile Delta, Egypt

Periago M.V., Valero M.A., Sayed M. El, Ashrafi K., Wakeel A. El, Mohamed M.Y., Desquesnes Marc, Curtale F., Mas-Coma Santiago. 2008. First phenotypic description of Fasciola hepatica/Fasciola gigantica intermediate forms from the human endemic area of the Nile Delta, Egypt. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, 8 (1) : pp. 51-58.

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Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Anthropologie-Ethnologie

Abstract : Fasciola gigantica is the main fasciolid species in Africa; however, F. hepatica and F. gigantica overlap in some countries. Egypt deserves mentioning because of the emerging situation of human fascioliasis in the Nile Delta area. The morphometric characteristics of fasciolid adults infecting the main livestock species present in the Nile Delta human endemic area are analyzed through a computer image analysis system (CIAS) on the basis of standardized measurements known to be useful for the differentiation of both fasciolid species. This is the first time that such a study is performed in an African country and, therefore, the results are compared to (i) F. hepatica (European Mediterranean area) and F. gigantica (Burkina Faso) standard populations, i.e. geographical areas where both species do not co-exist, and (ii) F. hepatica and F. gigantica populations from geographical areas where both species do co-exist, including the presence of intermediate forms (Iran). Results indicate the presence of F. hepatica, F. gigantica and intermediate forms (Fasciola sp.) in Egypt for the first time, and demonstrate the usefulness of CIAS for the phenotypic characterization of liver fluke adults from a concrete fascioliasis endemic area. Body roundness, body length over body width, and distance between the ventral sucker and the posterior end of the body provide useful tools for studying inter- and intraspecific morphological diversity in Fasciola adults. The application of these markers to specimens from geographical areas where F. hepatica and F. gigantica co-exist, such as in Egypt and Iran, suggest a strong population-level variation in Fasciola adult morphology. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Fasciola hepatica, Fasciola gigantica, Phénotype, Identification, Pathologie, Pathologie humaine

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Égypte

Classification Agris : L72 - Pests of animals
000 - Autres thèmes

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Periago M.V., Universidad de Valencia (ESP)
  • Valero M.A., Universidad de Valencia (ESP)
  • Sayed M. El, Ministry of Health and Population (Egypte) (EGY)
  • Ashrafi K., Gilan University of Medical Sciences (IRN)
  • Wakeel A. El, Ministry of Health and Population (Egypte) (EGY)
  • Mohamed M.Y., CIRDES (BFA)
  • Desquesnes Marc, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR TRYPANOSOMES (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7665-2422
  • Curtale F.
  • Mas-Coma Santiago, Universidad de Valencia (ESP)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/546676/)

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