An auxin transport-based model of root branching in Arabidopsis thaliana

Lucas Mikaël, Guédon Yann, Jay Allemand Christian, Godin Christophe, Laplaze Laurent. 2008. An auxin transport-based model of root branching in Arabidopsis thaliana. PloS One, 3 (11):e3673, 13 p.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie; Staps

Abstract : Root architecture is a crucial part of plant adaptation to soil heterogeneity and is mainly controlled by root branching. The process of root system development can be divided into two successive steps: lateral root initiation and lateral root development/emergence which are controlled by different fluxes of the plant hormone auxin. While shoot architecture appears to be highly regular, following rules such as the phyllotactic spiral, root architecture appears more chaotic. We used stochastic modeling to extract hidden rules regulating root branching in Arabidopsis thaliana. These rules were used to build an integrative mechanistic model of root ramification based on auxin. This model was experimentally tested using plants with modified rhythm of lateral root initiation or mutants perturbed in auxin transport. Our analysis revealed that lateral root initiation and lateral root development/emergence are interacting with each other to create a global balance between the respective ratio of initiation and emergence. A mechanistic model based on auxin fluxes successfully predicted this property and the phenotype alteration of auxin transport mutants or plants with modified rythms of lateral root initiation. This suggests that root branching is controlled by mechanisms of lateral inhibition due to a competition between initiation and development/emergence for auxin. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Arabidopsis thaliana, Modèle de simulation, Modèle mathématique, Auxine, Système racinaire, Ramification, Développement biologique

Classification Agris : U10 - Computer science, mathematics and statistics
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lucas Mikaël, INRIA (FRA)
  • Guédon Yann, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR DAP (FRA)
  • Jay Allemand Christian, UM2 (FRA)
  • Godin Christophe, INRIA (FRA)
  • Laplaze Laurent, IRD (FRA)

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