Evaluating pyrethroid alternatives for the management of cotton bollworms and resistance in Cameroon

Achaleke Joseph, Vaissayre Maurice, Brévault Thierry. 2009. Evaluating pyrethroid alternatives for the management of cotton bollworms and resistance in Cameroon. Experimental Agriculture, 45 (1) : pp. 35-46.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q3, Sujet : AGRONOMY

Abstract : In sub-Saharan Africa, the bollworm complex, including Helicoverpa armigera, Diparopsis watersi and Earias spp., threatens the continued success of cotton production. Pyrethroid resistance in H. armigera led to serious crop losses while endosulfan, a suitable alternative to pyrethroids, was banned for cotton pest management. Five candidates with no cross-resistance to pyrethroids were evaluated in both on-station and on-farm trials from 2002 to 2006. Two applications were made at the early peak of H. armigera infestation in September, the period when pyrethroid use should be restricted for resistance management purposes. Results showed that, as expected, bollworm infestation consistently peaked from mid-September to mid-October. Spinosad, thiodicarb and emamectin-benzoate were the most suitable alternatives to reduce damage, regardless of the cotton bollworm species. Indoxacarb and lufenuron were less effective in controlling D. watersi. On-farm experiments confirmed the suitability of spinosad for control of pyrethroidresistant H. armigera, particularly on late sown fields. These new chemistries offer control of bollworms which justify their relevance for pyrethroid resistance management in Cameroon and sub-Saharan Africa. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Gossypium, Helicoverpa armigera, Diparopsis, Earias, Résistance aux pesticides, Pyréthrine, Insecticide, Expérimentation au champ

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Afrique au sud du Sahara, Cameroun

Mots-clés complémentaires : Diparopsis watersi

Classification Agris : H10 - Pests of plants

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Achaleke Joseph, IRAD (CMR)
  • Vaissayre Maurice, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR SCA (FRA)
  • Brévault Thierry, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR SCA (CMR) ORCID: 0000-0003-0159-3509

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