Badnavirus sequences identified from Passiflora spp. in Guadeloupe and Australia [Abstract]

Teycheney Pierre-Yves, Parmenter Kathleen, Acina Isabelle Nina, Le Bellec Fabrice, Thomas John, Geering Andrew D.. 2009. Badnavirus sequences identified from Passiflora spp. in Guadeloupe and Australia [Abstract]. In : 12èmes Rencontres de virologie végétale, Aussois du 18 au 22 janvier 2009. Brault Véronique (ed.), Ziegler-Graff Véronique (ed.), Revers Frédéric (ed.). SFP. Paris : CNRS, Résumé, p. 67. Rencontres de virologie végétale. 12, Aussois, France, 18 January 2009/22 January 2009.

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Abstract : Badnaviruses (family Caulimoviridae, genus Badnavirus) have non-enveloped bacilliform particles containing a single copy of a circular dsDNA genome of c. 7.4R7.6 kbp arranged in at least three conserved open reading frames. Badnaviruses are transmitted in a semi-persistent mode by mealybugs and, for some species, also by aphids, scale insects or lacebugs. Several badnaviruses infect economically important tropical crops such as banana, cocoa, pineapple, sugarcane, taro and yam, and have a serious impact on yields. Over the past 10 years, endogenous viral sequences have been discovered and characterized in the genome of numerous crops, including badnavirus sequences in the genome of banana, yam and pineapple. It is expected that in silico analysis of plant genomic sequence data will reveal more endogenous viral sequences. Passiflora spp. from Guadeloupe and Australia were screened for badnavirus sequences by PCR across the conserved reverse transcriptase/RNaseH region of the ORF 3 polyprotein. PCR was performed on purified total DNA, using two sets of degenerate primers. Badnavirus sequences were amplified from Passiflora edulis f. flavicarpa, a yellow mutant introduced to Australia and Guadeloupe in the beginning of the XXth century. Badnavirus sequences were also amplified from species P. edulis, P. foetida, P. laurifolia, P. maliformis, P. quadrangularis and P. serrato-digitata, which were introduced in Guadeloupe from South and Central America at the turn of the XXth century. On the contrary, no badnavirus sequences could be amplified from Australian native P. aurantia and P. herbertiana. Phylogenetic analyses show that there is no host speciation of badnavirus sequences in the Passiflora spp. used in this work. They also show that P. edulis samples from Guadeloupe and Australia share highly similar sequences. The nature of these sequences (episomal vs integrated) is currently being explored. Although no badnavirus has been reported yet in Passiflora spp., bacilliform particles could be observed in an Australian P. edulis f. flavicarpa plant showing severe fruit puckering and leaf shoestring symptoms. Nevertheless, all other plants used in this study were asymptomatic. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Passiflora, Virus des végétaux

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Guadeloupe, Australie

Mots-clés complémentaires : Badnavirus

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Teycheney Pierre-Yves, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Multiplication végétative (GLP) ORCID: 0000-0002-9754-0745
  • Parmenter Kathleen, QDPI (AUS)
  • Acina Isabelle Nina, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Multiplication végétative (GLP)
  • Le Bellec Fabrice, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR HortSys (GLP) ORCID: 0000-0001-8145-7560
  • Thomas John, QDPI (AUS)
  • Geering Andrew D., QDPI (AUS)

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