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Changes in the diversity and geographic distribution of cultivated millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) varieties in Niger between 1976 and 2003

Bezançon Gilles, Pham Jean Louis, Deu Monique, Vigouroux Yves, Sagnard Fabrice, Mariac Cédric, Kapran Issoufou, Mamadou Aïssata, Gérard Bruno, Ndjeunga Jupiter, Chantereau Jacques. 2009. Changes in the diversity and geographic distribution of cultivated millet (Pennisetum glaucum (L.) R. Br.) and sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench) varieties in Niger between 1976 and 2003. Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution, 56 : pp. 223-236.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
Full text not available from this repository.

Quartile : Q2, Sujet : AGRONOMY / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : Changes in the diversity of landraces in centres of diversity of cultivated plants need to be assessed in order to monitor and conserve agrobioversity-a key-element of sustainable agriculture. This notably applies in tropical areas where factors such as increased populations, climate change and shifts in cropping systems are hypothesized to cause varietal erosion. To assess varietal erosion of staple crops in a country subjected to various anthropogenic and natural environmental changes, we carried out a study based on a comparison of the diversity of pearl millet and sorghum varieties collected in 79 villages spanning the entire cereal-growing zone of Niger over a 26 year period (1976-2003). For these two crops, the number, name and type of varieties according to important traits for farmers were considered at different spatial scales (country, region, village) at the two collection dates. The results confirmed the high diversity of millet and sorghum varieties in Niger. No erosion of varietal diversity was noted on a national scale during the period covered. Some changes were observed but were limited to the geographical distribution of certain varieties. This highlights that farmers¿ management can preserve the diversity of millet and sorghum varieties in Niger despite recurrent and severe drought periods and major social changes. It also indicates that rainfed cereal cropping systems in Niger should remain to be based on millet and sorghum, while reinforcing farmers¿ seed systems. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Pennisetum glaucum, Sorghum bicolor

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Niger, Afrique au sud du Sahara

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F70 - Plant taxonomy and geography
F40 - Plant ecology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bezançon Gilles, IRD (NER)
  • Pham Jean Louis, IRD (FRA)
  • Deu Monique, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR DAP (FRA)
  • Vigouroux Yves, IRD (NER)
  • Sagnard Fabrice, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR DAP (KEN)
  • Mariac Cédric, IRD (FRA)
  • Kapran Issoufou, INRAN (NER)
  • Mamadou Aïssata, INRAN (NER)
  • Gérard Bruno, ICRISAT (NER)
  • Ndjeunga Jupiter, ICRISAT (NER)
  • Chantereau Jacques, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Agrobiodiversité en savane (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/548396/)

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