Stability across environments of the coffee variety near infrared spectral signature

Posada Huver, Ferrand M., Davrieux Fabrice, Lashermes Philippe, Bertrand Benoît. 2009. Stability across environments of the coffee variety near infrared spectral signature. Heredity, 102 (2) : pp. 113-119.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ECOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : GENETICS & HEREDITY / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY

Abstract : Previous study on food plants has shown that near infrared (NIR) spectral methods seem effective for authenticating coffee varieties. We confirm that result, but also show that inter-variety differences are not stable from one harvest to the next. We put forward the hypothesis that the spectral signature is affected by environmental factors. The purpose of this study was to find a way of reducing this environmental variance to increase the method's reliability and to enable practical application in breeding. Spectral collections were obtained from ground green coffee samples from multilocation trials. Two harvests of bean samples from 11 homozygous introgressed lines, and the cv 'Caturra' as the control, supplied from three different sites, were compared. For each site, squared Euclidean distances among the 12 varieties were estimated from the NIR spectra. Matrix correlation coefficients were assessed by the Mantel test. We obtained very good stability (high correlations) for intervariety differences across the sites when using the two harvests data. If only the most heritable zones of the spectrum were used, there was a marked improvement in the efficiency of the method. This improvement was achieved by treating the spectrum as succession of phenotypic variables, each resulting from an environmental and genetic effect. Heritabilities were calculated with confidence intervals. A near infrared spectroscopy signature, acquired over a set of harvests, can therefore effectively characterize a coffee variety. We indicated how this typical signature can be used in breeding to assist in selection. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coffea arabica, Spectroscopie infrarouge, Technique analytique, Identification, Héritabilité, Variété, Facteur du milieu, Intéraction génotype environnement, Génotype, Phénotype, Fève de café

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Colombie

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
U30 - Research methods

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Posada Huver, CENICAFE (COL)
  • Ferrand M.
  • Davrieux Fabrice, CIRAD-PERSYST-UMR Qualisud (FRA)
  • Lashermes Philippe, IRD (FRA)
  • Bertrand Benoît, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR RPB (FRA)

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