Foresight to reduce asymmetry of information : the experience of the french national research agency

De Lattre-Gasquet Marie, Portier Anne, Griffon Michel. 2008. Foresight to reduce asymmetry of information : the experience of the french national research agency. In : Third International Seville Seminar on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis : Impacts and Implications for Policy and Decision-Marking, Séville, 16-17 October 2008. s.l. : s.n., pp. 1-17. International Seville Conference on Future-Oriented Technology Analysis. 3, Séville, Espagne, 16 October 2008/17 October 2008.

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Abstract : ANR is a public organization devoted to competitive project funding in both fundamental and applied research. ANR was created in 2005 after the vote of a law whose objective was to improve the French Research and Innovation system. ANR is both a result of the evolution of the French research and innovation system and a tool to confirm and stabilize this evolution. The objective of ANR is to promote creativity, to bring more flexibility and, subsequently, reactivity, and to increase competitiveness while keeping a good balance between fundamental research and applied research. ANR addresses both public research institutions and industries with a double mission of producing new knowledge and promoting interaction between public laboratories and industrial laboratories through the development of partnerships. ANR disposes of programs and calls for proposals, but it cannot define on its own the content of these programs. It needs knowledge about the evolution of science at national and international levels, about the evolution of society at national and international levels, about national priorities as well as European ones, about the strategy of research institutions, universities and industries, about competencies, markets¿ and needs¿ analysis. Each year, at the beginning of the programming step, there is asymmetry of information between ANR and scientists from French and European research organisations and universities, scientists from industries and policymakers in different ministries. The agency currently has three broad approaches to define its programs and reduce asymmetry of information: (a) monitoring and Intelligence; (b) expert opinion, i.e. consultations of individuals or panels in the form of an annual epistolary consultation, international consultations and foresight workshops, a Foresight Council as well as sectoral and steering committees; and (c) analysis, i.e. extrapolation of perceived trends through the analyses of proposals and end of programs workshops. The approaches adopted by ANR leave important challenges for the future: ANR must express its underlying paradigms as it has entered the political and the economic arenas; it must stay close to frontier research and reduce the time span between anticipation and action; last but not least, it must drastically increase the number of foreign scientists in its committees. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Organisation de la recherche

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : France

Classification Agris : A50 - Agricultural research

Auteurs et affiliations

  • De Lattre-Gasquet Marie, CIRAD-DG-Direction générale (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-7874-9762
  • Portier Anne
  • Griffon Michel, CIRAD-DG-Direction générale (FRA)

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