Dynamics of multiple insecticide resistance in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae in a rice growing area in South-Western Burkina Faso

Roch Dabiré Kounbobr, Diabaté Abdoulaye, Djogbenou Luc, Ouari Ali, N'Guessan Raphaël, Ouédraogo Jean-Bosco, Hougard Jean-Marc, Chandre Fabrice, Baldet Thierry. 2008. Dynamics of multiple insecticide resistance in the malaria vector Anopheles gambiae in a rice growing area in South-Western Burkina Faso. Malaria Journal, 7 (188), 9 p.

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Abstract : Background: Insecticide resistance of the main malaria vector, Anopheles gambiae, has been reported in south-western Burkina Faso, West Africa. Cross-resistance to DDT and pyrethroids was conferred by alterations at site of action in the sodium channel, the Leu-Phe kdr mutation; resistance to organophosphates and carbamates resulted from a single point mutation in the oxyanion hole of the acetylcholinesterase enzyme designed as ace-1R. Methods: An entomological survey was carried out during the rainy season of 2005 at Vallée du Kou, a rice growing area in south-western Burkina Faso. At the Vallée du Kou, both insecticide resistance mechanisms have been previously described in the M and S molecular forms of An. gambiae. This survey aimed i) to update the temporal dynamics and the circumsporozoite infection rate of the two molecular forms M and S of An. gambiae ii) to update the frequency of the Leu-Phe kdr mutation within these forms and finally iii) to investigate the occurrence of the ace-1R mutation. Mosquitoes collected by indoor residual collection and by human landing catches were counted and morphologically identified. Species and molecular forms of An. gambiae, ace-1R and Leu-Phe kdr mutations were determined using PCR techniques. The presence of the circumsporozoite protein of Plasmodium falciparum was determined using ELISA. Results: Anopheles gambiae populations were dominated by the M form. However the S form occurred in relative important proportion towards the end of the rainy season with a maximum peak in October at 51%. Sporozoite rates were similar in both forms. The frequency of the Leu- Phe kdr mutation in the S form reached a fixation level while it is still spreading in the M form. Furthermore, the ace-1R mutation prevailed predominately in the S form and has just started spreading in the M form. The two mutations occurred concomitantly both in M and S populations. Conclusion: These results showed that the Vallée du Kou, a rice growing area formerly occupied mainly by M susceptible populations, is progressively colonized by S resistant populations living in sympatry with the former. As a result, the distribution pattern of insecticide resistance mutations shows the occurrence of both resistance mechanisms concomitantly in the same populations. The impact of multiple resistance mechanisms in M and S populations of An. gambiae on vector control measures against malaria transmission, such as insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) and indoor residual spraying (IRS), in this area is discussed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oryza sativa, Anopheles gambiae, Résistance aux pesticides, Malaria, Transmission des maladies, Insecticide

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Burkina Faso

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
000 - Other themes

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Roch Dabiré Kounbobr, IRSS (BFA)
  • Diabaté Abdoulaye, Institut de Recherche en Sciences de la Santé (BFA)
  • Djogbenou Luc, CREC [Centre de recherche entomologique de Cotonou] (BEN)
  • Ouari Ali, IRSS (BFA)
  • N'Guessan Raphaël, CREC [Centre de recherche entomologique de Cotonou] (BEN)
  • Ouédraogo Jean-Bosco, IRSS (BFA)
  • Hougard Jean-Marc, IRD (BEN)
  • Chandre Fabrice, IRD (BEN)
  • Baldet Thierry, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-2979-9517

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