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first results from an experiment on on-farm planting material production in Cameroon

Chambon Bénédicte, Owona Ndongo Pierre André, Monono Samuel, Eschbach Jean-Marie. 2006. first results from an experiment on on-farm planting material production in Cameroon. In : International Natural Rubber Conference, November 13-14, 2006, Ho Chi Minh, Vietnam : Preprints of papers. Mai Van Son, Nguyen Ngoc Bich, Tong Viet Thinh. Ho Chi Minh City : Rubber Research Institute of Vietnam, pp. 1-12. International Natural Rubber Conference, Ho Chi Minh, Viet Nam, 13 November 2006/14 November 2006.

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Abstract : Rubber smallholdings have yet to be widely developed in Cameroon and, in the absence of a support programme for that sector, small and medium-sized farms are encountering numerous difficulties. One of their major constraints is access to budded planting material, resulting in a substantial use of seedlings to develop self-funded plantations. Yet, the use of budded planting material is highly decisive in the future productivity of a plantation, and consequently in farmer incomes. Based on experience in Southeast Asia, we put forward the hypothesis that Cameroonian smallholders could produce their own planting material. Developing budded plant production on farms would be well adapted to their socio-economic conditions. An on-farm experiment was set up in two villages of South-West province in Cameroon to test the hypothesis. This paper sets out briefly to describe the methodology used, before going on to present the first results obtained. They indicated that the cost of budded material produced by farmers was generally well below the agroindustrial selling price; most of the farmers sought to reduce their financial investment; planting material production enabled farmers to clearly limit financial costs. However, several difficulties were encountered in the first year of the experiment. The conclusion drawn is that, provided farmers receive ample technical supervision, support for budded planting material production on farms, by using a collective budwood garden, could be a worthwhile alternative for improving the incomes of small and medium-sized rubber farms in Cameroon. However, this experiment needs to be replicated on a larger scale to confirm the preliminary results. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Caoutchouc, Hevea brasiliensis

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Cameroun

Classification Agris : E16 - Production economics
E20 - Organization, administration and management of agricultural enterprises or farms
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Chambon Bénédicte, CIRAD-CP-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA)
  • Owona Ndongo Pierre André, IRAD (CMR)
  • Monono Samuel, IRAD (CMR)
  • Eschbach Jean-Marie, CIRAD-CP-UPR Systèmes de pérennes (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/549382/)

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