Population sizes and dispersal pattern of tsetse flies: rolling on the river?

Bouyer Jérémy, Balenghien Thomas, Ravel Sophie, Vial Laurence, Sidibé Issa, Thevenon Sophie, Solano Philippe, De Meeus Thierry. 2009. Population sizes and dispersal pattern of tsetse flies: rolling on the river?. Molecular Ecology, 18 (13) : pp. 2787-2797.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ECOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : The West African trypanosomoses are mostly transmitted by riverine species of tsetse fly. In this study, we estimate the dispersal and population size of tsetse populations located along the Mouhoun river in Burkina Faso where tsetse habitats are experiencing increasing fragmentation caused by human encroachment. Dispersal estimated through direct (mark and recapture) and indirect (genetic isolation by distance) methods appeared consistent with one another. In these fragmented landscapes, tsetse flies displayed localized, small subpopulations with relatively short effective dispersal. We discuss how such information is crucial for designing optimal strategies for eliminating this threat. To estimate ecological parameters of wild animal populations, the genetic measures are both a cost- and time-effective alternative to mark-release-recapture. They can be applied to other vector-borne diseases of medical and/or economic importance. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Glossina palpalis, Trypanosoma

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Burkina Faso

Mots-clés complémentaires : Glossina palpalis gambiensis

Classification Agris : L72 - Pests of animals
L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Bouyer Jérémy, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (SEN) ORCID: 0000-0002-1913-416X
  • Balenghien Thomas, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Ravel Sophie, IRD (FRA)
  • Vial Laurence, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Sidibé Issa, CIRDES (BFA)
  • Solano Philippe, IRD (BFA)
  • De Meeus Thierry, CNRS (FRA)

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