Tottering associative process in Cameroon: Collateral damage of the cotton policy adjustment

Enam Jean, Klassou Célestin, Folefack Denis Pompidou, Kouebou Christian, Fok Michel. 2009. Tottering associative process in Cameroon: Collateral damage of the cotton policy adjustment. Life Sciences International Journal (1), spec.n : pp. 112-122. International Cotton Conference on "Rationales and Evolution of Cotton Policies", Montpellier, France, 13 May 2008/17 May 2008.

Journal article ; Article de revue à comité de lecture
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Abstract : In Cameroon, associative process based specifically on the supply of input on credit dates back to 1987, with the creation of "Associations Villageoises Autogérées" (AVA). The liberalisation option later on led to a shift from the AVA to Common initiative Group (CIG). The global functioning in the supply of inputs to farmers was little changed thanks to the implementation of the "Programme Spécial d'Importation des Engrais" (PSIE) which enhanced timely provision of inputs at quantities and qualities needed. Collective guarantee circles were set up to control the risk of bad management in large groups, hence creating a new associative layer within the village. The end of PSIE in 2001 has led to further adjustment of the associative process by the addition of a supra-village layer, the "Organisation des Producteurs de Coton du Cameroun" (OPCC). The evolution of the associative process has gone along with cotton policy. This process which started with the development of cotton production has in turn contributed to its consolidation. It first spread following the liberal orientation of cotton policy then suffered from the abandonment of farmers in their effort to intensify cotton and food crops. If the option of leaving resource poor-farmers alone to take charge of intensification cost is not examined, it is doubtful that the associative process could become again efficient enough and contribute in the revitalization of cotton sector. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Coton, Association d'agriculteurs, Politique agricole, Libéralisation des échanges, Changement structurel, Moyen de production agricole, Économie de production

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Cameroun

Classification Agris : E40 - Cooperatives
E70 - Trade, marketing and distribution
E10 - Agricultural economics and policies

Axe stratégique Cirad : Axe 5 (2005-2013) - Politiques publiques, pauvreté et inégalités

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Enam Jean, IRAD (CMR)
  • Klassou Célestin, IRAD (CMR)
  • Folefack Denis Pompidou, MINREST (Cameroun) (CMR)
  • Kouebou Christian, IRAD (CMR)
  • Fok Michel, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR SCA (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-8709-5687

Autres liens de la publication

  • Localisation du document : CD_X41 ISP 14881 [(Bibliothèque de Lavalette)]

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (

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