The last African white giraffes live in farmers' fields

Leroy Romain, De Visscher Marie-Noël, Halidou Oudou, Boureïma Amadou. 2009. The last African white giraffes live in farmers' fields. Biodiversity and Conservation, 18 (10) : pp. 2663-2677. Pan-African Workshop on Community-based natural resource management approaches, Niamey, Niger, 10 March 2008/17 March 2008.

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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ECOLOGY

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : The giraffe population (Giraffa camelopardalis) in Niger is the last representative of the peralta sub-species which lived throughout West Africa at the beginning of the twentieth century. Protected since the 1970s, giraffes cohabit with humans in cultivated landscapes. This may not have appeared to pose many problems in the past, but the relationship between farmers and giraffes has deteriorated with the expansion of cultivated land and that of the giraffe population, with reported cases of giraffes damaging crops. A survey was conducted in all the affected villages in the Koure´ area to establish the nature, severity and distribution of the damage and to evaluate the local populations' perception of the problem. Cowpeas are fed upon in the field at harvest time and in the granaries, as well as ripe mangoes, during the most critical period for giraffes' nutrition. The vast majority of farmers interviewed consider giraffes to be rather a problem in spite of tourism revenues they can obtain from them. This opinion has individually little correlation with damage rate on crops or easy access to tourism revenues. The damage risk factors are first and foremost considered as uncontrollable by the farmers, even if technical protection measures could easily be put in place locally. The inter-relationships between the socio-economic context and the way the problem is perceived are discussed. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Girafe, Espèce protégée, Dégât, Plante de culture, Enquête sur exploitations agricoles, Risque, Agriculteur

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Niger, Afrique occidentale

Mots-clés complémentaires : Giraffa camelopardalis

Classification Agris : P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
L20 - Animal ecology
E50 - Rural sociology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2005-2013) - Agriculture, environnement, nature et sociétés

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Leroy Romain, USTL [Université des sciences et techniques du Languedoc] (FRA)
  • De Visscher Marie-Noël, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA)
  • Halidou Oudou, Université Abdou Moumouni (NER)
  • Boureïma Amadou, Université Abdou Moumouni (NER)

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