Taking into account local practices and indigenous knowledge in an emergency conservation context in Madagascar

Marie Chloé, Sibelet Nicole, Dulcire Michel, Rafalimaro Minah, Danthu Pascal, Carrière Stéphanie M.. 2009. Taking into account local practices and indigenous knowledge in an emergency conservation context in Madagascar. Biodiversity and Conservation, 18 (10) : pp. 2759-2777. Pan-African Workshop on Community-based natural resource management approaches, Niamey, Niger, 10 March 2008/17 March 2008.

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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : ECOLOGY

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : At the 5th World Parks Congress, held in Durban, South Africa in 2003, the President of Madagascar committed his government to tripling the country's protected zones over the next 5 years. The announcement reflected a desire to combine rapid conservation efforts with sustainable development. Conservationists in Madagascar focused their attention on the endemic baobab tree, Adansonia grandidieri. This paper aims to identify the contradictions between the political emergency of the biodiversity conservation effort and local development needs. Eighty-three semi-structured interviews were conducted in two villages near the protected area of ''Baobab Alley'' in the Menabe region. Malagasy conservationists believed the area's protected status would benefit the local economy through eco-tourism. However, the conservation actions undertaken there display limited understanding of local dynamics and conflict with farmers' needs. To protect the baobabs, the government has prohibited rice cultivation without providing compensation. We show that the multifunctional baobab tree is integrated into an agroforestry system and protected by farmers. Based on these results, we address the issue of how to combine conservation and local development objectives through the involvement of farmers and the recognition of local knowledge in tree management. We also demonstrate that an emergency approach to conservation is not conducive to the successful integration of conservation and development. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Agroforesterie, Adansonia, Conservation des ressources, Politique de l'environnement, Développement durable, Système de culture, Participation, Agriculteur, Biodiversité, Adansonia grandidieri

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Madagascar

Mots-clés complémentaires : Savoir-faire, Développement local

Classification Agris : P01 - Nature conservation and land resources
F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
E50 - Rural sociology

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2005-2013) - Agriculture, environnement, nature et sociétés

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Marie Chloé, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (FRA)
  • Sibelet Nicole, CIRAD-ES-UMR INNOVATION (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2107-6376
  • Rafalimaro Minah, Université d'Antananarivo (MDG)
  • Danthu Pascal, CIRAD-ES-URP Forêts et Biodiversité (MDG)
  • Carrière Stéphanie M., IRD (FRA)

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