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Diversity of the Ty-1 copia retrotransposon Tos17 in rice (Oryza sativa L.) and the AA genome of the Oryza genus

Petit Julie, Bourgeois Emmanuelle, Stenger Wilfried, Bes Martine, Droc Gaëtan, Meynard Donaldo, Courtois Brigitte, Ghesquière Alain, Sabot François, Panaud Olivier, Guiderdoni Emmanuel. 2009. Diversity of the Ty-1 copia retrotransposon Tos17 in rice (Oryza sativa L.) and the AA genome of the Oryza genus. Molecular Genetics and Genomics, 282 (6) : pp. 633-652.

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Quartile : Q3, Sujet : BIOCHEMISTRY & MOLECULAR BIOLOGY / Quartile : Q3, Sujet : GENETICS & HEREDITY

Abstract : Retrotransposons are mobile genetic elements, ubiquitous in Eukaryotic genomes, which have proven to be major genetic tools in determining phylogeny and structuring genetic diversity, notably in plants. We investigate here the diversity of the Ty1-copia retrotransposon Tos17 in the cultivated rice of Asian origin (Oryza sativa L.) and related AA genome species of the Oryza genus, to contribute understanding of the complex evolutionary history in this group of species through that of the element in the lineages. In that aim, we used a combination of Southern hybridization with a reverse transcriptase (RT) probe and an adapter-PCR mediated ampliWcation, which allowed the sequencing of the genomic regions Xanking Tos17 insertions. This analysis was carried out in a collection of 47 A-genome Oryza species accessions and 202 accessions of a core collection of Oryza sativa L. representative of the diversity of the species. Our Southern hybridization results show that Tos17 is present in all the accessions of the A-genome Oryza species, except for the South American species O. glumaepatula and the African species O. glaberrima and O. breviligulata. In O. sativa, the number of putative copies of Tos17 per accession ranged from 1 to 11 and multivariate analysis based on presence/absence of putative copies yielded a varietal clustering which is consistent with the isozyme classiWcation of rice. Adapter PCR ampliWcation and sequencing of Xanking regions of Tos17 insertions in A-genome species other than O. sativa, followed by anchoring on the Nipponbare genome sequence, revealed 13 insertion sites of Tos17 in the surveyed O. ruWpogon and O. longistaminata accessions, including one shared by both species. In O. sativa, the same approach revealed 25 insertions in the 6 varietal groups. Four insertion sites located on chromosomes 1, 2, 10, and 11 were found orthologous in O. ruWpogon and O. sativa. The chromosome 1 insertion was also shared between O. ruWpogon and O. longistaminata. The presence of Tos17 at three insertion sites was conWrmed by retrotransposon-based insertion polymorphism (RBIP) in a sample of O. sativa accessions. The Wrst insertion, located on chromosome 3 was only found in two japonica accessions from the Bhutan region while the second insertion, located on chromosome 10 was speciWc to the varietal groups 1, 2, and 5. The third insertion located on chromosome 7 corresponds to the only insertion shown active in rice so far, notably in cv. Nipponbare, where it has been extensively used for insertion mutagenesis. This copy was only found in a few varieties of the japonica group 6 and in one group 5 accession. Taken together, these results conWrm that Tos17 was probably present in the ancestor of A-genome species and that some copies of the element remained active in some Oryza lineages-notably in O. ruWpogon and O. longistaminata- as well as in the indica and japonica O. sativa L. lineages. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oryza glaberrima, Oryza longistaminata, Oryza rufipogon, Oryza

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Asie, Amérique du Sud, Océanie, Afrique

Mots-clés complémentaires : Oryza breviligulata

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Petit Julie, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR DAP (FRA)
  • Bourgeois Emmanuelle
  • Stenger Wilfried, CNRS (FRA)
  • Bes Martine, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR DAP (FRA)
  • Droc Gaëtan, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR DAP (FRA)
  • Meynard Donaldo, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR DAP (FRA)
  • Courtois Brigitte, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR DAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-2118-7102
  • Ghesquière Alain, IRD (FRA)
  • Sabot François, CNRS (FRA)
  • Panaud Olivier, CNRS (FRA)
  • Guiderdoni Emmanuel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR DAP (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/552402/)

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