Chronic selenosis in camels

Seboussi Rabiha, Faye Bernard, Alhadrami Ghaleb, Askar Mustapha, Bengoumi Mohammed, Elkhouly Ahmed. 2009. Chronic selenosis in camels. Journal of Camel Practice and Research, 16 (1) : pp. 25-38.

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Quartile : Q4, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES

Abstract : Three groups of 4 female camels, 2 years-old receiving a basal diet of Rhodes grass and concentrate were supplemented for 90 days with 8, 12 and 16 mg non-organic selenium to each group, respectively. Blood, faeces and urine were collected for selenium, glutathione peroxidase and vitamin E determination. Two camels per group were sacrificed at day 45 and 90. Organs and hair samples were used for histopathological findings and selenium content estimation. The selenium concentration increased significantly in 3 groups with an average value of 321.23 ± 140.5 ng/ml, 443.18 ± 231.06 ng/ml and 298.04 ± 212.13 ng/ml, respectively. Glutathione peroxidase activity varied between 26.85 and 174.16 IU/g Hb. Significant correlations between serum selenium, GSH-Px activity, urine and faecal Se were reported. No significant variation occurred for vitamin E (mean: 0.68 ± 0.36 ng/ml). High selenium level was observed in liver followed by kidney, spleen, lung, heart, pancreas, brain and ovary. Selenium concentration rose significantly in hair. Several symptoms related to selenosis have been reported and histopathological findings showed remarkable lesions in all the organs.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Chameau, Selenium

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Émirats arabes unis

Classification Agris : L51 - Animal physiology - Nutrition
L74 - Miscellaneous animal disorders

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Seboussi Rabiha, United Arab Emirates University (ARE)
  • Faye Bernard, CIRAD-ES-UPR Systèmes d'élevage (FRA)
  • Alhadrami Ghaleb, United Arab Emirates University (ARE)
  • Askar Mustapha, United Arab Emirates University (ARE)
  • Bengoumi Mohammed, IAV Hassan II (MAR)
  • Elkhouly Ahmed, Al Qattara veterinary laboratory (ARE)

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