Biomass sustainability, availability and productivity

Fallot Abigaïl, Saint André Laurent, Le Maire Guerric, Laclau Jean-Paul, Nouvellon Yann, Marsden Claire, Bouillet Jean-Pierre, Silva T., Piketty Marie-Gabrielle, Hamel Olivier. 2009. Biomass sustainability, availability and productivity. Revue de Métallurgie (10) : pp. 410-418.

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Abstract : Research conducted on biomass for Ulcos ("Ultra- Low CO2 Steelmaking" European Integrated Project) has progressively focused on charcoal supply from tropical eucalyptus plantations. The sustainability of such plantations is being investigated from the viewpoint of their carbon, water and nutrient budgets: they must all be neutral or positive. Field research is producing results at the tree or stand level in several sites of Congo and Brazil, while a spatial model is developed to identify the conditions of biomass neutrality at the scale of the forest ecosystem. The productivity of biomass has been analyzed through the description of practices along the Abstracts of technical articles various supply-schemes that competitively feed the steel industry in Brazil and the identification of bottlenecks for further expansion. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Biomasse, Eucalyptus, eau, Cycle du carbone, Écosystème, Zone tropicale, Production végétale, Écologie forestière, Plantation forestière, Développement durable, Charbon de bois

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Congo, Brésil

Classification Agris : F40 - Plant ecology
K10 - Forestry production
P01 - Nature conservation and land resources

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Fallot Abigaïl, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Biomasse-énergie (CRI) ORCID: 0000-0002-7526-6917
  • Saint André Laurent, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (FRA)
  • Le Maire Guerric, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-5227-958X
  • Laclau Jean-Paul, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (BRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2506-214X
  • Nouvellon Yann, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (BRA)
  • Marsden Claire, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (FRA)
  • Bouillet Jean-Pierre, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (BRA)
  • Silva T.
  • Piketty Marie-Gabrielle, CIRAD-ES-UMR MOISA (FRA)
  • Hamel Olivier, CIRAD-ES-UPR Ressources forestières (FRA)

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