Avian influenza in backyard poultry of the Mopti region, Mali

Molia Sophie, Traoré Abdallah, Gil Patricia, Hammoumi Saliha, Lesceu Stéphanie, Servan de Almeida Renata, Albina Emmanuel, Chevalier Véronique. 2010. Avian influenza in backyard poultry of the Mopti region, Mali. Tropical Animal Health and Production, 42 (5) : pp. 807-809.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES

Abstract : This study reports the first evidence of circulation of avian influenza viruses (AIV) in domestic poultry in Mali. In the Mopti region, where AIV have already been isolated in migratory water birds, we sampled 223 backyard domestic birds potentially in contact with wild birds and found that 3.6% had tracheal or cloacal swabs positive by real-time reverse transcription PCR (rRT-PCR) for type A influenza viruses (IVA) and that 13.7% had sera positive by commercial ELISA test detecting antibodies against IVA. None of the birds positive by rRT-PCR for IVA was positive by rRT-PCR for H5 and H7 subtypes, and none showed any clinical signs therefore indicating the circulation of low pathogenic avian influenza. Unfortunately, no virus isolation was possible. Further studies are needed to assess the temporal evolution of AIV circulation in the Mopti region and its possible correlation with the presence of wild birds. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Influenzavirus aviaire, Volaille

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Mali

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Molia Sophie, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (MLI)
  • Traoré Abdallah, LCV (MLI)
  • Gil Patricia, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Hammoumi Saliha, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Lesceu Stéphanie
  • Servan de Almeida Renata, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Albina Emmanuel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (FRA)
  • Chevalier Véronique, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA)

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