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Genetic and pathological diversity among Xanthomonas strains responsible for bacterial spot on tomato and pepper in the South West Indian Ocean region : [P4-94]

Hamza Abdou Azali, Robène-Soustrade Isabelle, Jouen Emmanuel, Gagnevin Lionel, Lefeuvre Pierre, Chiroleu Frédéric, Boyer Claudine, Pruvost Olivier. 2010. Genetic and pathological diversity among Xanthomonas strains responsible for bacterial spot on tomato and pepper in the South West Indian Ocean region : [P4-94]. In : Proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria : programme, abstracts, list of participants. INRA, Université de la Réunion, IRD. s.l. : s.n., Résumé, p. 160. International Conference on Plant Pathogenic Bacteria. 12, Saint-Denis, Réunion, 7 June 2010/11 June 2010.

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Abstract : Bacterial spot of tomato and pepper (BSTP), a major problem in tropical and subtropical climates, can be caused by several #Xanthomonas genospecies#, #X. euvesicatoria#, #X. vesicatoria#, #X. perforans#, and #X. gardneri.# #X. campestris# pv. #raphani# strains primarily pathogenic to #Brassicaceae# have also been associated with outbreaks of BSTP on tomato. BSTP has been observed in the South West Indian Ocean (SWIO) region but no data is available about the status of #Xanthomonas# species associated with BSTP in this region. A total of 72 strains collected from Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion and the Seychelles were characterized using AFLP (Amplified Fragment Length Polymorphism) and MLSA (MultiLocus Sequence Analysis) based on four housekeeping genes. AFLP and MLSA consistently assigned strains at the species level. All strains were unambiguously classified in one species, namely: #X. euvesicatoria#, #X. vesicatoria#, #X. perforans# and #X. gardneri#. MLSA identified two to three sequence types per genospecies. No #X. campestris# pv. #raphani# strains were identified in the collection. Most of the strains were identified as #X. euvesicatoria# (65 %). MLSA data suggested that sequence variations primarily consisted of synonymous mutations, although a recombination event spanning several hundreds nucleotides was detected for some strains of #X. euvesicatoria# on the atpD gene coding for the F1-F0-ATPase ß subunit. Pathogenicity tests were also performed with pathogenicity profiles of strains consistent with the classification in genospecies. Some pathological variations were primarily observed among strains identified as #X. euvesicatoria#. This study provides for the first time a comprehensive description of the status in the SWIO region of #Xanthomonas# species causing BSTP. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Xanthomonas, Capsicum annuum, Solanum lycopersicum, Pouvoir pathogène, Variation génétique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Madagascar, Seychelles, Comores, Réunion, Maurice

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Hamza Abdou Azali, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Robène-Soustrade Isabelle, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Jouen Emmanuel, Université de la Réunion (REU)
  • Gagnevin Lionel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Lefeuvre Pierre, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Chiroleu Frédéric, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-4874-5357
  • Boyer Claudine, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)
  • Pruvost Olivier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR PVBMT (REU)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/555821/)

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