Regulation of tillering in sorghum : genotypic effects

Kim Hae Koo, Luquet Delphine, Van Oosterom Erik, Dingkuhn Michaël, Hammer Graeme. 2010. Regulation of tillering in sorghum : genotypic effects. Annals of Botany, 106 : pp. 69-78.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : Background and Aims Genotypic variation in tillering can be caused by differences in the carbon supply-demand balance within a plant. The aim of this study was to understand and quantify the effects of genotype on tillering as a consequence of the underlying internal competition for carbohydrates. Methods Five sorghum hybrids, derived from inbred lines with a common genetic background and with similar phenology and plant height but contrasting tillering, were grown in five experiments. The experiments covered a wide range in radiation and temperature conditions, so that number of tillers produced varied significantly. Data on leaf area, tiller number, and biomass accumulation and partitioning were collected at regular intervals. To quantify internal plant competition for carbohydrates, a carbohydrate supply-demand index (S/Dindex) was developed and related to variation in tillering. Key Results The appearance of main shoot leaves and tillers was highly co-ordinated across genotypes. High-tillering hybrids had a greater appearance frequency of early tiller ranks than low-tillering hybrids, and this was associated with narrower and hence smaller main shoot leaves. A generalized S/Dindex of internal plant competition accounted for most of the observed variation in maximum tiller number (Ntiller,max) across genotypes. However, genotypic differences in the relationship between the S/Dindex and Ntiller,max suggested that high-tillering hybrids also had a lower S/D threshold at which tillers appeared, possibly associated with hormonal effects. Conclusions The results support the hypothesis that genotypic differences in tillering were associated with differences in plant carbon S/D balance, associated with differences in leaf size and in the threshold at which tillers grow out. The results provide avenues for phenotyping of mapping populations to identify genomic regions regulating tillering. Incorporating the results in crop growth simulation models could provide insight into the complex genotype-by-management-by-environment interactions associated with drought adaptation. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Sorghum bicolor, Génotype, Tallage, Intéraction génotype environnement, Métabolisme des glucides, Surface foliaire, Développement biologique, Feuille, Physiologie végétale, Expérimentation au champ

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Queensland, Languedoc-Roussillon

Classification Agris : F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Kim Hae Koo, University of Queensland (AUS)
  • Luquet Delphine, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR AIVA (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2543-7140
  • Van Oosterom Erik, University of Queensland (AUS)
  • Dingkuhn Michaël, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR AIVA (FRA)
  • Hammer Graeme, University of Queensland (AUS)

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