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Salmonella in fattening pigs in Reunion Island: Herd prevalence and risk factors for infection

Cardinale Eric, Maeder S., Porphyre Vincent, Debin M.. 2010. Salmonella in fattening pigs in Reunion Island: Herd prevalence and risk factors for infection. Preventive Veterinary Medicine, 96 (3-4) : pp. 281-285.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : VETERINARY SCIENCES

Abstract : Our objective was to identify the risk factors for Salmonella infection in fattening pigs in Reunion Island. Sixty pig farms were studied from April to August 2008 on the whole island. A questionnaire was submitted to the farmers, and samples of fresh faeces and gauze socks were taken to assess the Salmonella status of each herd. 40% of the herds tested positive for Salmonella spp. The most prevalent serovars were S. Typhimurium and S. Derby. The risk of Salmonella infection for the fattening pigs was increased when there was no disinfection at the farrowing stage (OR = 5.2), when large numbers of cockroaches were present on the premises (OR = 5.5) and when these facilities were not resistant to feral birds (OR = 4.5). The risk for Salmonella infection of the herd was decreased when the number of visits from technical personnel was limited (<1 per month) (OR = 0.38), when castration of piglets was done after 1 week of age (OR = 0.38) and when the all-in all-out system was respected (OR = 0.13). (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Porcin, Salmonella, Salmonella typhimurium, Facteur de risque, Enquête pathologique, Élevage

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Réunion

Mots-clés complémentaires : Salmonella derby

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/556385/)

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