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Altitude, tree species and soil type are the main factors influencing the severity of Phaeoramularia leaf and fruit spot disease of citrus in the humid zones of Cameroon

Ndo Eunice Golda Danièle, Bella Manga Faustin, Ndindeng Sali Atanga, Ndoumbé Nkeng Michel, Fontem Ajong Dominic, Cilas Christian. 2010. Altitude, tree species and soil type are the main factors influencing the severity of Phaeoramularia leaf and fruit spot disease of citrus in the humid zones of Cameroon. European Journal of Plant Pathology, 128 (3) : pp. 385-397.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q2, Sujet : HORTICULTURE / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : AGRONOMY / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : In Cameroon and most countries of tropical Africa where Phaeoramularia leaf and fruit spot disease of citrus is reported, a total yield loss of 50-100% is common. For effective control of this disease, it is imperative to understand how it originates, and which factors contribute to its development. To this end, the environmental and biological characteristics of each tree from 39 sites located in 13 citrus production basins in the humid zones of Cameroon were collected by means of a survey. Information was collected by interviewing heads of households, and by visual inspection of trees and their environment. The independent variable was severity of the disease while the dependent variables were environmental and biological characteristics. Climatic characteristics varied from one basin to another. The 13 citrus production basins were regrouped in five categories based on disease severity. Altitude, tree species and soil type were the main factors influencing the disease severity. Thus the higher is the altitude, the more important is the disease severity. Also, disease severity increased with increasing number of grape fruit, orange and pummelo trees. However, disease severity was lower on trees growing on volcanic soils as compared with the other soil types. Further analysis of these factors could lead to the development of a risk assessment model for Phaeoramularia leaf and fruit spot of citrus. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Citrus, Phaeoramularia, Épidémiologie, Facteur de risque, Enquête sur exploitations agricoles, Enquête pathologique, Type de sol, Altitude, Biodiversité, Facteur du milieu

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Cameroun

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ndo Eunice Golda Danièle, IRAD (CMR)
  • Bella Manga Faustin, IRAD (CMR)
  • Ndindeng Sali Atanga, IRAD (CMR)
  • Ndoumbé Nkeng Michel, IRAD (CMR)
  • Fontem Ajong Dominic, Université de Dschang (CMR)
  • Cilas Christian, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Bioagresseurs de pérennes (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/556980/)

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