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Growth analysis of biomass production by diverse sorghum genotypes under different scenarios of climate

Abdulai A.L., Kouressy Mamoutou, Vaksmann Michel, Brueck Holger, Asch Folkard. 2010. Growth analysis of biomass production by diverse sorghum genotypes under different scenarios of climate. In : Proceedings of Agro 2010 : the XIth ESA Congress, August 29th - September 3rd, 2010, Montpellier, France. Wery Jacques (ed.), Shili-Touzi I. (ed.), Perrin A. (ed.). Montpellier : Agropolis international, pp. 121-122. ISBN 978-2-909613-01-7 ESA Congress. 11, Montpellier, France, 29 August 2010/3 September 2010.

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Abstract : Sorghum [Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench] plays a pivotal role in the economy of the Sudano-Sahelien zone, particularly Mali where production depends mainly on traditional cultivars (mostly the guinea race) that are hardy, have good grain quality, are photoperiod sensitive and have long stalks, but yields are generally very low due to low harvest index. Increasing population, soil fertility decline and changed climate will require the use of more productive ideotypes of sorghum to avoid jeopardy of livelihoods. The search for such ideotypes prompted several studies involving the use of sowing date to determine the effects of simulated climate change scenarios on phenology, height and yield of short-day sorghum cultivars (mostly guinea race). These studies reveal that delayed sowing reduces the height, the number of leaves produced as well as cycle duration of the plants, with significantly variable genotypic patterns (Abdulai et al 2009; Bunting and Curtis, 1968; Kouressy et al., 1997). However information on the other races of sorghum as well as the physiological basis of these observations is scanty. A study was therefore designed to elucidate the physiological basis for the genotypic differences observed in response to date of sowing by the use of functional growth analysis (Hunt R. 1982) which provides a useful framework with which to assess physiological components in cropping systems.

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Sorghum bicolor, Génotype, Date de semis, Changement climatique, Rendement des cultures, Développement biologique

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Mali

Mots-clés complémentaires : Idéotype

Classification Agris : F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
P40 - Meteorology and climatology

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Abdulai A.L., CSIR (GHA)
  • Kouressy Mamoutou, IER (MLI)
  • Vaksmann Michel, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR AIVA (MLI) ORCID: 0000-0002-5258-1279
  • Brueck Holger, Institute for Plant Production and Agroecology in the Tropics and Subtropics (DEU)
  • Asch Folkard, Institute for Plant Production and Agroecology in the Tropics and Subtropics (DEU)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/557181/)

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