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Pathogenic landscapes: Interactions between land, people, disease vectors, and their animal hosts

Lambin Eric F., Tran Annelise, Vanwambeke Sophie O, Linard Catherine, Soti Valérie. 2010. Pathogenic landscapes: Interactions between land, people, disease vectors, and their animal hosts. International Journal of Health Geographics, 9 (54), 13 p.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact Revue en libre accès total
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH (Social Sciences)

Abstract : Background: Landscape attributes influence spatial variations in disease risk or incidence. We present a review of the key findings from eight case studies that we conducted in Europe and West Africa on the impact of land changes on emerging or re-emerging vector-borne diseases and/or zoonoses. The case studies concern West Nile virus transmission in Senegal, tick-borne encephalitis incidence in Latvia, sandfly abundance in the French Pyrenees, Rift Valley Fever in the Ferlo (Senegal), West Nile Fever and the risk of malaria re-emergence in the Camargue, and rodent-borne Puumala hantavirus and Lyme borreliosis in Belgium. Results: We identified general principles governing landscape epidemiology in these diverse disease systems and geographic regions. We formulated ten propositions that are related to landscape attributes, spatial patterns and habitat connectivity, pathways of pathogen transmission between vectors and hosts, scale issues, land use and ownership, and human behaviour associated with transmission cycles. Conclusions: A static view of the "pathogenecity" of landscapes overlays maps of the spatial distribution of vectors and their habitats, animal hosts carrying specific pathogens and their habitat, and susceptible human hosts and their land use. A more dynamic view emphasizing the spatial and temporal interactions between these agents at multiple scales is more appropriate. We also highlight the complementarity of the modelling approaches used in our case studies. Integrated analyses at the landscape scale allows a better understanding of interactions between changes in ecosystems and climate, land use and human behaviour, and the ecology of vectors and animal hosts of infectious agents. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Contrôle de maladies, Analyse du risque, Gestion du risque, Maladie transmise par vecteur, Maladie de l'homme, Maladie des animaux, Épidémiologie, Transmission des maladies, Paysage, Télédétection, Vecteur de maladie, Hôte, Interactions biologiques, Distribution spatiale, Virus des animaux, Virus de la fièvre de la vallée du Rift, Maladie transmissible par tiques, Encéphalite à tiques, Écosystème, Facteur du milieu, Utilisation des terres, Cycle de développement, Couverture végétale, Genre humain, Bétail, Fièvre de la Vallée du Rift

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Belgique, France, Languedoc-Roussillon, Sénégal

Mots-clés complémentaires : Fièvre du Nil occidental

Mots-clés géographiques complémentaires : Camargue, Ferlo

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
L72 - Pests of animals
U30 - Research methods

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Lambin Eric F., University of Louvain (BEL)
  • Tran Annelise, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-5463-332X
  • Vanwambeke Sophie O, UCL (BEL)
  • Linard Catherine, University of Louvain (BEL)
  • Soti Valérie, CIRAD-ES-UPR AGIRs (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/557467/)

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