Recent decline in the global land evapotranspiration trend due to limited moisture supply

Jung Martin, Reichstein Markus, Ciais Philippe, Seneviratne Sonia I., Sheffield Justin, Goulden Michaël L., Cescatti Alessandro, Bonan Gordon, Chen Jiquan, De Jeu Richard, Dolman A. Johannes, Eugster Werner, Gerten Dieter, Gianelle Damiano, Gobron Nadine, Heinke Jens, Kimball John, Law Beverly, Montagnani Leonardo, Mu Qiaozhen, Mueller Brigitte, Oleson Keith, Papale Dario, Richardson Andrew D., Roupsard Olivier, Running Steve, Tomelleri Enrico, Viovy Nicolas, Weber Ulrich, Williams Christopher, Wood Eric, Zaehle Sönke, Zhang Ke. 2010. Recent decline in the global land evapotranspiration trend due to limited moisture supply. Nature, 461 (7318) : pp. 951-954.

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Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Economie-gestion; Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : More than half of the solar energy absorbed by land surfaces is currently used to evaporate water1. Climate change is expected to intensify the hydrological cycle2 and to alter evapotranspiration,with implications for ecosystem services and feedback to regional and global climate. Evapotranspiration changes may already be under way, but direct observational constraints are lacking at the global scale. Until such evidence is available, changes in the water cycle on land-a key diagnostic criterion of the effects of climate change and variability-remain uncertain. Here we provide a data-driven estimate of global land evapotranspiration from 1982 to 2008, compiled using a global monitoring network3, meteorological and remotesensing observations, and a machine-learning algorithm4. In addition, we have assessed evapotranspiration variations over the same time period using an ensemble of process-based land-surfacemodels. Our results suggest that global annual evapotranspiration increased on average by 7.161.0millimetres per year per decade from1982 to 1997. After that, coincident with the lastmajor El Nin¿o event in 1998, the global evapotranspiration increase seems to have ceased until 2008. This change was driven primarily by moisture limitation in the SouthernHemisphere, particularlyAfrica andAustralia. In these regions, microwave satellite observations indicate that soilmoisture decreased from 1998 to 2008. Hence, increasing soil-moisture limitations on evapotranspiration largely explain the recent decline of the global land-evapotranspiration trend. Whether the changing behaviour of evapotranspiration is representative of natural climate variability or reflects a more permanent reorganization of the land water cycle is a key question for earth system science. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Évapotranspiration, Changement climatique, Climatologie, Cycle hydrologique, Teneur en eau du sol, Effet de serre, Précipitation, Satellite météorologique, Télédétection

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Monde, Australie, Afrique

Classification Agris : P40 - Meteorology and climatology
F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry

Champ stratégique Cirad : Hors axes (2005-2013)

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Jung Martin, Max Planck Institut für Biogeochemie (DEU)
  • Reichstein Markus, Max Planck Institut für Biogeochemie (DEU)
  • Ciais Philippe, CNRS (FRA)
  • Seneviratne Sonia I., ETH (CHE)
  • Sheffield Justin, Princeton University (USA)
  • Goulden Michaël L., UC (USA)
  • Cescatti Alessandro, IES (ITA)
  • Bonan Gordon, National Center for Atmospheric Research (USA)
  • Chen Jiquan, University of Toledo (USA)
  • De Jeu Richard, Vrije Universiteit (NLD)
  • Dolman A. Johannes, Vrije Universiteit (NLD)
  • Eugster Werner, Institute of Plant Sciences (CHE)
  • Gerten Dieter, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (DEU)
  • Gianelle Damiano, IASMA (ITA)
  • Gobron Nadine, Institut des applications de la télédétection (ITA)
  • Heinke Jens, Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research (DEU)
  • Kimball John, University of Montana (USA)
  • Law Beverly, Oregon State University (USA)
  • Montagnani Leonardo, Forest Services and Agency for the Environment (ITA)
  • Mu Qiaozhen, University of Montana (USA)
  • Mueller Brigitte, ETH (CHE)
  • Oleson Keith, National Center for Atmospheric Research (USA)
  • Papale Dario, Università degli studi della Tuscia (ITA)
  • Richardson Andrew D., Harvard University (USA)
  • Roupsard Olivier, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR Ecosystèmes de plantations (CRI)
  • Running Steve, University of Montana (USA)
  • Tomelleri Enrico, Max Planck Institut für Biogeochemie (DEU)
  • Viovy Nicolas, CNRS (FRA)
  • Weber Ulrich, Max Planck Institut für Biogeochemie (DEU)
  • Williams Christopher, Clark University (USA)
  • Wood Eric, Princeton University (USA)
  • Zaehle Sönke, Max Planck Institut für Biogeochemie (DEU)
  • Zhang Ke, University of Montana (USA)

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