Root architecture of two sorghum varieties differ than drought stress tolerance : [Abstract, P 7.17]

Sine Bassirou, Chopart Jean-Louis, Muller Bertrand. 2009. Root architecture of two sorghum varieties differ than drought stress tolerance : [Abstract, P 7.17]. In : InterDrought-III : 3rd International Conference on Integrated Approaches to Improve Crop Production Under Drought Prone Environments [Abstracts]. SAGC. s.l. : s.n., Résumé, p. 226. InterDrought. 3, Shanghaï, Chine, 11 October 2009/16 October 2009.

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Abstract : Root architecture of two sorghum varieties, fitted in #Durra race# and with different response in drought conditions, has been studied on hydroponic system, pot and in situ on field. These varieties have similar aerial agro-morphological characteristics in optimal growth conditions. In pre-flowering drought stress condition, tolerant variety (SSM1611), has a stable and higher yield than the non-tolerant one (IS16101). On hydroponics conditions and pot growth, varieties are studied at young stage. On field, observations concerned the whole plant cycle. Frequent observations of the aerial system have been made in all the trials, with counting of emerged leaves number and measuring stem height. Adventitious roots number and adventitious roots ranks number have been daily observed on hydroponic system and observations was not destructive. Spatial root disposition on stem was observed on hydroponic condition. On pot and field, these observations were destructive and realised once a week. Adventitious root and their different regions growth (basal none branched region, branched region, apical none branched region) were studied in hydroponic system and in pot. The distribution of the root length density according depth in situ condition was studied using passage model from root impacts to length density. Results show that, the development and the growth of aerial system are practically similar for both of varieties whatever trials conditions. However, for the root system there are some differences in favour of the drought stress tolerant varieties (SSM1611). All the trials showed that, SSM1611 presents a higher adventitious roots number and adventitious roots ranks number than IS16101. Adventitious roots number per rank varies according to the rank and the variety. The distribution of the adventitious roots around the stem seems to be leaded by the same low. Adventitious root of the same rank are balanced distribution around the stem. Until three roots per adventitious root rank, adventitious roots of two successive ranks are distributed in a complementary way around the stem. The growth of adventitious roots and their different regions ((basal none branched region, branched region, apical none branched region)e) present similarity for both of varieties. On hydroponic system, adventitious root length increase first time and then stop their growth to maximal level. However in pot, adventitious root growth seems to bee unlimited. SSM1611 variety reveals a root length density according to depth more important than IS16101 variety one in field. Adventitious roots number, adventitious roots ranks number, and root length density could constitute pertinent and easily accessible drought stress tolerance criterions. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Sorghum, Résistance à la sécheresse, Stress dû à la sécheresse, Variété, Système racinaire, Anatomie végétale

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Sénégal

Classification Agris : F50 - Plant structure
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
H50 - Miscellaneous plant disorders

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Sine Bassirou, CERAAS (SEN)
  • Chopart Jean-Louis, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR SCA (REU)
  • Muller Bertrand, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR AIVA (SEN)

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