XopAC, a Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris-specific type III effector, tigger ETI in Arabidopsis vasculature

Guy Endrick, Chabannes Matthieu, Hajri Ahmed, Boureau Tristan, Poussier Stéphane, Arlat Mathieu, Noel Laurent D.. 2010. XopAC, a Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris-specific type III effector, tigger ETI in Arabidopsis vasculature. In : Neuvièmes Rencontres plantes-bactéries, 18-22 janvier 2010, Aussois (France) : résumés. SFP, IRD. Paris : SFP, Résumé, p. 11. Rencontres plantes-bactéries. 9, Aussois, France, 18 January 2010/22 January 2010.

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Abstract : Xanthomonas campestris pv. campestris (Xcc) is the causal agent of black rot on Brassicae and causes disease on cabbage and Arabidopsis for instance. The avrAC gene encodes an Xcc-specific type III effector which is responsible for avirulence on Arabidopsis ecotype Col-0 exclusively when Xcc is inoculated in the leaf vasculature. PCR and dot-blot hybridization performed on a large collection of plant pathogenic bacteria revealed that avrAC is specific to Xcc. The analysis of more than 50 Xcc strains reveals that avrAC displays a very low allelic diversity and belongs to the Xcc variable effectome. Moreover, the presence of avrAC is tightly correlated with an increase in Xcc aggressiveness on susceptible Arabidopsis and nonhost pepper plants. We show that the "Leucine-Rich Repeat" (LRR) and "Filamentation induced by cAMP" (Fic) domains are both required for avirulence on resistant Arabidopsis and aggressiveness on pepper. Interestingly, the Fic domains of the VopS and IbpA effectors from animal pathogens were recently shown to mediate protein adenylylation, a yet unknown protein posttranslational modification. Strategies developed to dissect avrAC functions in planta and to study plant vascular immunity will be presented. (Texte intégral)

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Guy Endrick, INRA (FRA)
  • Chabannes Matthieu, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR BGPI (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0001-5754-5982
  • Hajri Ahmed, INRA (FRA)
  • Boureau Tristan, INRA (FRA)
  • Poussier Stéphane, INRA (FRA)
  • Arlat Mathieu, INRA (FRA)
  • Noel Laurent D., INRA (FRA)

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