Sélection du palmier à huile pour une huile de palme durable et responsabilité sociale

Durand-Gasselin Tristan, Blangy Lisa, Picasso Christian, De Franqueville Hubert, Breton Frédéric, Amblard Philippe, Cochard Benoît, Louise Claude, Nouy Bruno. 2010. Sélection du palmier à huile pour une huile de palme durable et responsabilité sociale. OCL. Oléagineux Corps gras Lipides, 17 (6) : pp. 385-392.

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Abstract : As an actor of a supply chain, seed producers must take into account the impact of their work on sustainability. This is particularly true when one works on palm oil, a highly sensitive crop which is questioned on its social and environmental impact. Breeders act directly on yield thus increasing profitability, while for the same production, decreasing land-use pressure. In addition, breeders act on duration of the plantations - which is critical for a perennial crop - making strategic choices selecting for lasting resistances to diseases. They can seek rustic selections, which help the work of small holders and enable them to a better social insertion in the supply chain. In the long trend, the promotion of sustainable palm oil is an excellent opportunity for palm oil seed distributors. Corporate and Social Responsibility of PalmElit, company recently created, is presented. It defines its aspirations, its values, its direct and indirect responsibilities and finally proposes an operational code of conduct. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Elaeis guineensis, Huile de palme, Maladie des plantes, Elaeis oleifera

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
H20 - Plant diseases
E14 - Development economics and policies

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Durand-Gasselin Tristan, PalmElit (FRA)
  • Blangy Lisa, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Génétique palmier (FRA)
  • Picasso Christian, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Génétique palmier (FRA)
  • De Franqueville Hubert, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Génétique palmier (FRA)
  • Breton Frédéric, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Génétique palmier (IDN)
  • Amblard Philippe, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Génétique palmier (FRA)
  • Cochard Benoît, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Génétique palmier (FRA)
  • Louise Claude, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Génétique palmier (ECU)
  • Nouy Bruno, CIRAD-BIOS-UPR Génétique palmier (FRA)

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