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Animal leptospirosis in small tropical areas

Desvars A., Cardinale Eric, Michault Alain. 2011. Animal leptospirosis in small tropical areas. Epidemiology and Infection, 139 (1) : pp. 167-188.

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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PUBLIC, ENVIRONMENTAL & OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH(Science) / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : INFECTIOUS DISEASES

Liste HCERES des revues (en SHS) : oui

Thème(s) HCERES des revues (en SHS) : Psychologie-éthologie-ergonomie

Abstract : Leptospirosis is the most widespread zoonosis in the world. Humans become infected through contact with the urine of carrier animals, directly or via contaminated environments. This review reports available data on animal leptospirosis in ten tropical islands: Barbados, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Grenada, Trinidad, New Caledonia, Hawaii, French Polynesia, La Re´union and Mayotte. Leptospirosis is endemic in these insular wild and domestic fauna. Each island presents a specific panel of circulating serovars, closely linked with animal and environmental biodiversity, making it epidemiologically different from the mainland. Rats, mongooses and mice are proven major renal carriers of leptospires in these areas but dogs also constitute a significant potential reservoir. In some islands seroprevalence of leptospirosis in animals evolves with time, inducing changes in the epidemiology of the human disease. Consequently more investigations on animal leptospirosis in these ecosystems and use of molecular tools are essential for prevention and control of the human disease. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Leptospirose, Épidémiologie, Sérotype, Zone tropicale, Enquête pathologique, Vecteur de maladie, Rat, Souris, Chien, Mangouste, Île

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Mayotte, Hawaï, Guadeloupe, Nouvelle-Calédonie, Martinique, Barbade, Grenade, Trinité-et-Tobago, Réunion, Polynésie française

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
L72 - Pests of animals

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Desvars A., CRVOI (REU)
  • Cardinale Eric, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR CMAEE (REU) ORCID: 0000-0002-3434-3541
  • Michault Alain, Groupe Hospitalier Sud Réunion (REU)

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/558887/)

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