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Towards the elimination of infectious endogenous Banana streak virus sequences from Musa balbisiana

Umber Marie, Bonheur Lydiane, Jenny Christophe, Teycheney Pierre-Yves. 2011. Towards the elimination of infectious endogenous Banana streak virus sequences from Musa balbisiana. In : 13èmes Rencontres de virologie végétale (RVV 2011), Aussois, France, 16-20 janvier 2011. SFP. s.l. : s.n., Résumé, 1 p. Rencontres de virologie végétale. 13, Aussois, France, 16 January 2011/20 January 2011.

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Abstract : Infectious endogenous sequences of at least 3 distinct Banana streak virus species are present in the genome of Musa balbisiana spp [1, 2], which are important progenitors for breeding improved banana varieties. Once activated by biotic or abiotic stresses, these sequences can cause infection in natural and synthetic interspecific hybrids harbouring the M. balbisiana genome [3]. Therefore, infectious endogenous BSV (eBSV) sequences are currently the main constraint for breeding much needed banana and plantain interspecific hybrids and for exchanging Musa germplasm. The full genomic and genetic organization of eBSV sequences present in diploid M. balbisiana cultivar Pisang Klutuk Wulung (PKW) was recently elucidated [1, 4], showing that endogenous BSGFV, BSOLV and BSImV sequences in PKW result from a single integration event. This work also showed that integration of infectious eBSGFV and eBSOLV is di-allelic whereas that of infectious eBSImV is monoallelic. In the case of eBSGFV and eBSOLV, only one allele is infectious. Taking advantage of recently designed primer sets [1, 3; Baurens, unpublished], we have undertaken the characterization of eBSOLV, eBSGFV and eBSImV in the M. balbisiana accessions of CIRAD Guadeloupe's germplasm collection. This work unveiled important differences between accessions, which were shown to harbor all combinations of infectious and non infectious alleles for one or several distinct BSV species. Some accessions were even found to be exempt from eBSImV. These results were confirmed biologically, by following the kinetics of expression of infectious eBSV sequences in various genotypes during cell culture, which is the most potent abiotic stress activating infectious eBSV sequences. Based on these results, breeding improved M. balbisiana progenitors devoid of infectious eBSGfV and/or BSOLV sequences was undertaken by segregating the corresponding infectious and non infectious alleles. This was achieved in several selfed and/or double haploid lines. This work paves the way to the elimination of infectious eBSV sequences from M. balbisiana progenitors, and to the safe use of M. balbisiana genitors for creating interspecific banana and plantain hybrids. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Musa balbisiana, Virus des végétaux

Mots-clés complémentaires : Banana streak virus

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Umber Marie
  • Bonheur Lydiane
  • Jenny Christophe, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (GLP)
  • Teycheney Pierre-Yves, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (GLP) ORCID: 0000-0002-9754-0745

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/559618/)

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