Regulatory mechanisms underlying oil palm fruit mesocarp maturation, ripening, and functional specialization in lipid and carotenoid metabolism

Tranbarger Timothy John, Dussert Stéphane, Joët Thierry, Argout Xavier, Summo Marilyne, Champion Anthony, Cros David, Omoré Alphonse, Nouy Bruno, Morcillo Fabienne. 2011. Regulatory mechanisms underlying oil palm fruit mesocarp maturation, ripening, and functional specialization in lipid and carotenoid metabolism. Plant Physiology, 156 (2) : pp. 564-584.

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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES

Abstract : Fruit provide essential nutrients and vitamins for the human diet. Not only is the lipid-rich fleshy mesocarp tissue of the oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) fruit the main source of edible oil for the world, but it is also the richest dietary source of provitamin A. This study examines the transcriptional basis of these two outstanding metabolic characters in the oil palm mesocarp. Morphological, cellular, biochemical, and hormonal features defined key phases of mesocarp development. A 454 pyrosequencingderived transcriptome was then assembled for the developmental phases preceding and during maturation and ripening, when high rates of lipid and carotenoid biosynthesis occur. A total of 2,629 contigs with differential representation revealed coordination of metabolic and regulatory components. Further analysis focused on the fatty acid and triacylglycerol assembly pathways and during carotenogenesis. Notably, a contig similar to the Arabidopsis (Arabidopsis thaliana) seed oil transcription factor WRINKLED1 was identified with a transcript profile coordinated with those of several fatty acid biosynthetic genes and the high rates of lipid accumulation, suggesting some common regulatory features between seeds and fruits. We also focused on transcriptional regulatory networks of the fruit, in particular those related to ethylene transcriptional and GLOBOSA/PISTILLATA-like proteins in the mesocarp and a central role for ethylene-coordinated transcriptional regulation of type VII ethylene response factors during ripening. Our results suggest that divergence has occurred in the regulatory components in thismonocot fruit compared with those identified in the dicot tomato (Solanum lycopersicum) fleshy fruit model. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Elaeis guineensis, Huile de palme, Caroténoïde, Rétinol, Acide gras

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Bénin

Classification Agris : F60 - Plant physiology and biochemistry
F30 - Plant genetics and breeding

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Tranbarger Timothy John, IRD (FRA)
  • Dussert Stéphane, IRD (FRA)
  • Joët Thierry, IRD (FRA)
  • Argout Xavier, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-0100-5511
  • Summo Marilyne, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Champion Anthony, IRD (FRA)
  • Cros David, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (BEN) ORCID: 0000-0002-8601-7991
  • Omoré Alphonse, INRAB (BEN)
  • Morcillo Fabienne, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR DIADE (FRA)

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