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Adoption, use and perception of Australian acacias around the world

Kull Christian A., Shackleton Charlie M., Cunningham Peter J., Ducatillon Catherine, Dufour-Dror Jean-Marc, Esler Karen J., Friday James B., Gouveia Antonio C., Griffin A.R., Marchante Elizabete, Midgley Stephen, Pauchard Anibal, Rangan Haripriya, Richardson David M., Rinaudo Tony, Tassin Jacques, Urgenson Lauren S., Von Maltitz Graham P., Zenni Raphael D., Zylstra Matthew J.. 2011. Adoption, use and perception of Australian acacias around the world. Diversity and Distributions, 17 (5) : pp. 822-836.

Journal article ; Article de revue à facteur d'impact
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Quartile : Q1, Sujet : BIODIVERSITY CONSERVATION / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : ECOLOGY

Abstract : Aim To examine the different uses and perceptions of introduced Australian acacias (wattles; Acacia subgenus Phyllodineae) by rural households and communities. Location Eighteen landscape-scale case studies around the world, in Vietnam, India, Re´union, Madagascar, South Africa, Congo, Niger, Ethiopia, Israel, France, Portugal, Brazil, Chile, Dominican Republic and Hawai'i. Methods Qualitative comparison of case studies, based on questionnaire sent to network of acacia researchers. Information based on individual knowledge of local experts, published and unpublished sources. Results We propose a conceptual model to explain current uses and perceptions of introduced acacias. It highlights historically and geographically contingent processes, including economic development, environmental discourses, political context, and local or regional needs. Four main groupings of case studies were united by similar patterns: (1) poor communities benefiting from targeted agroforestry projects; (2) places where residents, generally poor, take advantage of a valuable resource already present in their landscape via plantation and/or invasion; (3) regions of small and mid-scale tree farmers participating in the forestry industry; and (4) a number of high-income communities dealing with the legacies of former or niche use of introduced acacia in a context of increased concern over biodiversity and ecosystem services. Main conclusions Economic conditions play a key role shaping acacia use. Poorer communities rely strongly on acacias (often in, or escaped from, formal plantations) for household needs and, sometimes, for income. Middle-income regions more typically host private farm investments in acacia woodlots for commercialization. Efforts at control of invasive acacias must take care to not adversely impact poor dependent communities. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Acacia, Communauté rurale, Introduction de plantes, Espèce envahissante, Utilisation, Développement économique, Niveau de vie, Agroforesterie, gestion des ressources naturelles

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Chili, Monde, Réunion, Viet Nam, Inde, Madagascar, Niger, Brésil, République dominicaine, Hawaï, Éthiopie, Israël, France, Portugal, Afrique du Sud, Congo

Classification Agris : K10 - Forestry production
E14 - Development economics and policies
E80 - Home economics, industries and crafts

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 6 (2005-2013) - Agriculture, environnement, nature et sociétés

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Kull Christian A., Monash University (AUS)
  • Shackleton Charlie M., Rhodes University (ZAF)
  • Cunningham Peter J., Serving in Mission (NER)
  • Ducatillon Catherine, INRA (FRA)
  • Dufour-Dror Jean-Marc, JIIS (ISR)
  • Esler Karen J., Stellenbosch University (ZAF)
  • Friday James B., University of Hawaii (USA)
  • Gouveia Antonio C., University of Coimbra (PRT)
  • Griffin A.R., University of Tasmania (AUS)
  • Marchante Elizabete, University of Coimbra (PRT)
  • Midgley Stephen, Salwood Asia Pacific (AUS)
  • Pauchard Anibal, IEB (CHL)
  • Rangan Haripriya, Monash University (AUS)
  • Richardson David M., Stellenbosch University (ZAF)
  • Rinaudo Tony, World Vision (AUS)
  • Tassin Jacques, CIRAD-ES-UPR BSef (FRA)
  • Urgenson Lauren S., University of Washington (USA)
  • Von Maltitz Graham P., CSIR (ZAF)
  • Zenni Raphael D., University of Tennessee (USA)
  • Zylstra Matthew J., University of Tennessee (USA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/560863/)

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