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Effect of phenological variation on photoperiodic sensitive sorghum production in the Sahel

Abdulai Lansah, Kouressy Mamoutou, Vaksmann Michel, Tekete Mohamed, Mahamady Kane, Asch Folkard, Giese Marcus. 2011. Effect of phenological variation on photoperiodic sensitive sorghum production in the Sahel. In : International Conference on Crop improvement, Ideotyping, and Modelling for African Cropping Systems under Climate Change - CIMAC, University of Hohenheim, 7-9 February 2011 : Book of abstracts. University of Hohenheim. Stuttgart : Hohenheim University, Résumé, p. 39. International Conference on Crop Improvement, Ideotyping and Modelling for African Cropping Systems under Climate Change, Hohenheim, Allemagne, 7 February 2011/9 February 2011.

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Abstract : Studies were conducted to characterize diverse sorghums varieties adaptation to climate change at the Institut d'Economie Rurale (IER) of Mali in three sites covering latitude and rainfall gradients. Experimental sites were Cinzana Agronomic Research Station (600 mm rain fall, latitude 13° 15 N, longitude 5° 58 W); Sotuba Research Station (900 mm rainfall, latitude 12° 39 N, longitude 7° 56 W) and Farako research Station (1000 mm, latitude 11°21 N, longitude 5°46 W). A split plot design with planting date as main factor and varieties as sub factor, in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) was used. 200kg/ha of "15N- 15P205-15 K20 were applied 2 weeks after seedling emergence while 50kg/ha of urea (46N-0-0) were side dressed 4 weeks after seedling emergence. Dates of phonological phases for each variety were scored from emergence to panicle initiation. Above ground biomass was also measured (stems, leaves, panicles). Results indicated that most varieties react to variation in sowing dates by reducing their cycle (emergence to maturity) from 7 to 20 days from north to south gradients (13°N to 11°N). This is a consequence of varieties sensitivity to day length (photoperiod). Total biomass was reduced (50 to 800g m-²) with vegetative phases shortening. There exists great variability among varieties within and between sites on total biomass produced. This variability is due to threshold differences in varieties sensitivity to photoperiod. These results justify well the early sowing practices of Sahelian farmers which support reasonable use of their biodiversity in order to better exploit early rain falls. These practices are to mitigate climate change effects. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Sorghum bicolor, Photopériodicité, Date de semis, Variation génétique, Phénotype, Changement climatique, Variété

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Sahel, Mali

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
F62 - Plant physiology - Growth and development
P40 - Meteorology and climatology

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Abdulai Lansah, University of Hohenheim (DEU)
  • Kouressy Mamoutou, IER (MLI)
  • Vaksmann Michel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (MLI) ORCID: 0000-0002-5258-1279
  • Tekete Mohamed, IER (MLI)
  • Mahamady Kane, IER (MLI)
  • Asch Folkard, University of Hohenheim (DEU)
  • Giese Marcus, University of Hohenheim (DEU)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/560998/)

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