Targeted association analysis identified japonica rice varieties achieving Na+/K+ homeostasis without the allelic make-up of the salt tolerant indica variety Nona Bokra

Ahmadi Nourollah, Negrão Sonia, Katsantonis Dimitrios, Frouin Julien, Ploux J., Letourmy Philippe, Droc Gaëtan, Babo P., Trindade H., Bruschi Gianluca, Greco Rafaella, Oliveira Margarida, Piffanelli Pietro, Courtois Brigitte. 2011. Targeted association analysis identified japonica rice varieties achieving Na+/K+ homeostasis without the allelic make-up of the salt tolerant indica variety Nona Bokra. Theoretical and Applied Genetics, 123 (6) : pp. 881-895.

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Quartile : Outlier, Sujet : HORTICULTURE / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : AGRONOMY / Quartile : Q1, Sujet : PLANT SCIENCES / Quartile : Q2, Sujet : GENETICS & HEREDITY

Abstract : During the last decade, a large number of QTLs and candidate genes for rice tolerance to salinity have been reported. Using 124 SNP and 52 SSR markers, we targeted 14 QTLs and 65 candidate genes for association mapping within the European Rice Core collection (ERCC) comprising 180 japonica accessions. SigniWcant diVerences in phenotypic response to salinity were observed. Nineteen distinct loci signiWcantly associated with one or more phenotypic response traits were detected. Linkage disequilibrium between these loci was extremely low, indicating a random distribution of favourable alleles in the ERCC. Analysis of the function of these loci indicated that all major tolerance mechanisms were present in the ERCC although the useful level of expression of the diVerent mechanisms was scattered among diVerent accessions. Under moderate salinity stress some accessions achieved the same level of control of Na+ concentration and Na+/K+ equilibrium as the indica reference variety for salinity tolerance Nona Bokra, although without sharing the same alleles at several loci associated with Na+ concentration. This suggests (a) diVerences between indica and japonica subspecies in the eVect of QTLs and genes involved in salinity tolerance and (b) further potential for the improvement of tolerance to salinity above the tolerance level of Nona Bokra, provided the underlying mechanisms are complementary at the whole plant level. No accession carried all favourable alleles, or showed the best phenotypic responses for all traits measured. At least nine accessions were needed to assemble the favourable alleles and all the best phenotypic responses. An eVective strategy for the accumulation of the favourable alleles would be marker-assisted population improvement. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Oryza sativa, Tolérance au sel

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : France, Grèce, Europe

Mots-clés complémentaires : Oryza sativa japonica

Classification Agris : F30 - Plant genetics and breeding
H50 - Miscellaneous plant disorders

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 1 (2005-2013) - Intensification écologique

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Ahmadi Nourollah, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-0072-6285
  • Negrão Sonia, ITQB (PRT)
  • Katsantonis Dimitrios, NAGREF (GRC)
  • Frouin Julien, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Ploux J.
  • Letourmy Philippe, CIRAD-PERSYST-UPR SCA (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-1040-0860
  • Droc Gaëtan, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA)
  • Babo P., ITQB (PRT)
  • Trindade H., Universidade de Lisboa (PRT)
  • Bruschi Gianluca, Parco Tecnologico Padano (ITA)
  • Greco Rafaella, Parco Tecnologico Padano (ITA)
  • Oliveira Margarida, ITQB (PRT)
  • Piffanelli Pietro, Parco Tecnologico Padano (ITA)
  • Courtois Brigitte, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR AGAP (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0003-2118-7102

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