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Epidemiological interaction at the Wildlife/Livestock/Human interface: can we anticipate emerging infectious diseases in their hotspots? A framework for understanding emerging diseases processes in their hot spots

Caron Alexandre, Morand Serge, De Garine-Wichatitsky Michel. 2012. Epidemiological interaction at the Wildlife/Livestock/Human interface: can we anticipate emerging infectious diseases in their hotspots? A framework for understanding emerging diseases processes in their hot spots. In : New frontiers of molecular epidemiology of infectious diseases. Morand Serge (ed.), Beaudeau François (ed.), Cabaret Jacques (ed.). Heidelberg : Springer [Allemagne], pp. 311-332. ISBN 978-94-007-2113-5

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Abstract : Emerging infectious diseases' hotspots have been identified as multi-host and multi-pathogen systems often characterized in tropical ecosystems by an extensive wildlife/domestic/human interface. The pathogen communities shared by the wild and domestic populations at this interface reflect the historical epidemiological interactions between them. In a research framework using recent community ecology, evolutionary biology and molecular biology advances, this information can be used to identify potential pathways for future pathogen spill-over initiating the emergence process. In other words, an understanding of the mechanisms of pathogen transmission in a specific ecosystem can provide an interaction network between host populations defined by nodes and edges and characterized by the frequency, intensity and direction of the interactions with a direct input for targeted disease surveillance. (Résumé d'auteur)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Maladie infectieuse, Épidémiologie, Transmission des maladies, Hôte, Agent pathogène, Genre humain, Bétail, Animal domestique, Animal sauvage

Mots-clés complémentaires : Émergence

Classification Agris : L73 - Animal diseases
L20 - Animal ecology
000 - Other themes

Champ stratégique Cirad : Axe 4 (2005-2013) - Santé animale et maladies émergentes

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Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/561699/)

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