A comparative study to linking charcoal commodity chains and agroforestry systems in Kenya, Madagascar and Uganda

Montagne Pierre, Sibelet Nicole, Cheboiwo J.K., Mnason Tweheyo. 2009. A comparative study to linking charcoal commodity chains and agroforestry systems in Kenya, Madagascar and Uganda. In : Agroforestry, the future of global land use: Book of abstracts. ICRAF. Nairobi : WCA [Nairobi], Résumé, pp. 553-554. ISBN 978-92-9059-255-6 World Congress of Agroforestry. 2, Nairobi, Kenya, 23 August 2009/28 August 2009.

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Abstract : Climate change has the potential to alter the ability of the earth's physical and biological systems. Observations over Indian states such as Orissa, show that substantial adverse impacts of climate change are going to affect humanity in the form of extreme climatic events. Increasing demand for food and other agricultural goods will aggravate the pressure on agricultural lands. Farmers in Orissa, principally relying on marginalized rainfed mixed crop livestock systems, are likely to be the most severely impacted. This situation has been further aggravated with massive soil erosion, triggered by deforestation. With mangrove forests being cleared, more areas of Orissa have come under the effect of cyclones. There is an agreement that farmers in the agroforestry sector are learning to adapt to projected or actual changes of climate by making adjustments in cultural practices, processes, or structures of systems. All these adaptation strategies are of unplanned adaptation strategies and are subsistence in nature. Therefore, this paper aims at identifying appropriate long-term adaptation strategies in the agroforestry sector, by fostering the adaptive capacity of rural communities through adopting appropriate techniques and adapting their livelihoods, which will increase the resilience of agro-landscapes and improve capabilities to cope with future climate stress. It is expected that the work will also provide a possible roadmap and insights for the policy makers for adopting an appropriate policy for agroforestry and rural development with less energy-intensive strategies. It is also envisioned that the paper will bring out a few 'models of climate change adaptation in the forestry and agriculture sector', which could be effective in enabling the vulnerable rural communities of India to fight against climate change. (Texte intégral)

Mots-clés Agrovoc : Politique de développement, Changement climatique, Adaptation, Changement technologique, Agroforesterie, Charbon de bois

Mots-clés géographiques Agrovoc : Ouganda, Kenya, Madagascar

Classification Agris : F08 - Cropping patterns and systems
P06 - Renewable energy resources
E14 - Development economics and policies
K10 - Forestry production

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Montagne Pierre, CIRAD-ES-URP Forêts et Biodiversité (MDG)
  • Sibelet Nicole, CIRAD-ES-UMR INNOVATION (FRA) ORCID: 0000-0002-2107-6376
  • Cheboiwo J.K.
  • Mnason Tweheyo

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