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In vitro culture of the fastidious bacteria Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus in association with insect feeder cells

Fontaine-Bodin Lisa, Fabre Sandrine, Gatineau Frédéric, Dollet Michel. 2011. In vitro culture of the fastidious bacteria Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus in association with insect feeder cells. In : 2nd International Research Conference on Huanglongbing, Orlando, USA, January 10-14, 2011. s.l. : s.n., Résumé, 1 p. International Research Conference on Huanglongbing. 2, Orlando, États-Unis, 10 January 2011/14 January 2011.

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Abstract : Ca. Liberibacter asiaticus (LAS) is vectored by psyllids and is able to proliferate inside the insect. We therefore hypothesize that insect cells could act like feeder cells, providing nutrients in a continuous way and a favorable environment to the bacteria. Various insect cell lines and sources of LAS inoculums were tested in an empiric way to select for the suitable cell line and to establish a protocol for primo-cultures. LAS presence in the inoculated cell cultures was checked by direct PCR and confirmed by sequencing of the amplicons. Nine different cell lines were tested from Mamestra, Spodoptera, Drosophila, Aedes, Diaphorina insects. Mamestra and Spodoptera cell lines were not suitable for LAS growth. Two Drosophila and one Aedes cell lines showed to sustain Liberibacter survival and growth. Diaphorina cell lines were recently received and are under investigation regarding their capacity to maintain the bacteria. To reach higher bacterial concentrations, we analyzed metabolic pathways potentially encoded by the released Ca. Liberibacter genome sequences to define limiting factors and/or growth inhibitors and we complemented the primo-cultures with various additives (sugars, vitamins,...). A culture of LAS was obtained with Aedes cells as feeder cells. This culture has been continuously growing for 9 months and 16 successive transfers. We are currently working on the axenization of this culture. We also succeeded in getting high concentrations of LAS (>106 cells/ml) in an Aedes cell culture + additives and are currently looking into best ways to maintain/increase those concentration levels and to stock those LAS cultures. (Texte intégral)

Classification Agris : H20 - Plant diseases

Auteurs et affiliations

  • Fontaine-Bodin Lisa, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR RPB (FRA)
  • Fabre Sandrine, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR RPB (FRA)
  • Gatineau Frédéric, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR RPB (FRA)
  • Dollet Michel, CIRAD-BIOS-UMR RPB (FRA)

Autres liens de la publication

Source : Cirad - Agritrop (https://agritrop.cirad.fr/562237/)

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